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A lot of areas that are good for hiking or backpacking are also popular hunting grounds. I am an avid backpacker and hiker, but I do not know much about hunting. How do I find out what is the hunting season in a particular area, and when backpacking during hunting season, how do I avoid getting shot?

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I think a better question is, how do you get the hunters to share their beer with you? ;) –  Ryley Feb 1 '12 at 1:58
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I almost always wear my neon orange Carhartt hat when I'm out. Orange is the color hunters usually wear (depending on prey) to avoid shooting each other, so I figure it's a good idea for other outdoorsmen as well. –  Hartley Brody Feb 1 '12 at 19:25
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5 Answers

up vote 11 down vote accepted

The most important thing is to know what is being hunted so you can know how the hunters should be approaching their prey. It's best to talk to several hunters to find out from them where they will be concentrating, but it's hard to control for any random person with their own ideas about how they will be approaching their hunting. The vast majority of hunters are extremely safety conscious and will go out of their way to educate anyone who is curious about safety and sharing the outdoors.

Turkey season is generally horrible since hunters are so camouflaged and hidden whereas deer season is better with everyone lit up in blaze orange for visibility.

In your case, you probably don't really care if you are scaring off the game so wear vibrant colors, make a lot of noise and avoid heavy brush and areas with limited sight lines. Wide open areas with a clear view are safest. Noise is really your best tool since you also should be concerned about ricochet, misfires and target practice as well as intentionally placed shots where you happen to be directly behind the target.

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I totally agree with the functional aspect of turkey hunting versus deer hunting. I generally worry about people hunting deer more because deer attract a much larger variety of hunters. Turkey hunters tend to be more experienced hunters (as a general rule). –  Russell Steen Feb 1 '12 at 1:09
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Your main problem will be people deer hunting, or other large game, with a rifle. My first bit of advise would be to not even bother going out for the gun season.

The dangers with large game and gun season are that the prey is takin at a much larger distance, and more confusion could take place.

If you "have" to go out hiking during the gun season I would suggest wearing all blaze orange. Better safe then sorry.

As far as being out during small game or bird seasons. One article of blaze orange should be more then sufficient. Most people will be using a bow or shotgun which have a pretty limited range compared to a rifle and should be able to see you.

All the other advice about what to wear and where to stay is also very good advice.

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Gun season is short? In serveral parts of the US at least it's three to four months. –  Russell Steen Feb 1 '12 at 22:31
    
@Russel For large game? –  J Lundberg Feb 1 '12 at 22:35
    
Yes, deer specifically, in much of the southeast. –  Russell Steen Feb 1 '12 at 22:37
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In short - be sensible. Make yourself easily seen and heard, don't walk near somewhere you hear gunfire, and where possible stick to open areas on clear, marked paths.

Of course, I'd also question the wisdom of hiking somewhere when hunting is happening; if there's a sensible alternative that seems like the logical option.

In terms of where to look for information, look up the local authority's website and from there you can usually find the various times that you need. If you can't find it then find an official contact and send an email, they should guide you to the right place or be able to provide the information needed. Preparation in due course is key here.

On a related note, if you're talking about army training / live fire then stay out of the area entirely when this is going on - it'd be stupid (and most probably illegal) to stray into such an area. North Dartmoor in the UK for instance is an area where this happens, but the information on times is easily available online, it's clearly marked on maps and there are clear posts on the moors to indicate the boundary markers for these areas too.

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  1. Sound like a human, so TALK
  2. Wear a bright orange vest, and other bright (not white) clothing
  3. Try not to hike deer routes in the peak times (6am to 9am and 6pm to 9pm)
  4. Similar to the one above, stay on trail.
  5. Generally large game are the seasons of highest concern (deer mostly)

Your local DNR (Department of Natural Resources) website (example) will have the hunting season.

I'd like to say all hunters are safe, but there's a reason I don't hunt public land. Also the biggest threat is poachers, who are going to ignore all of the above, as well as season, legality, etc.

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Would you add an orange cap to that? It's up high, which is good for visibility. –  Jay Bazuzi Jan 31 '12 at 23:49
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An orange cap is probably sufficient (2). If you do that and stay on a trail (4) you should be safe. As a courtesy to hunters, it's nice to start out a couple hours after sunrise and finish up an hour or two before sunset. –  xpda Feb 1 '12 at 0:30
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@xpda -- When trying to avoid being shot "sufficient" is not my target ;) –  Russell Steen Feb 16 '12 at 21:38
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Hunting seasons and licenses are an issue handled by the states in the US. So check the website of the state you want to backpack/hike in to find out about their various seasons.

Honestly, in most areas this isn't a problem because hunting has to be kept to private land. I live on the East Coast and there are plenty of public land, like the Appalachian Trail, that does not have hunting on it, even in season.

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That's not the case. The AT travels along the edge of several WMAs in Georgia, as you can see in this map. Many states do lottery or managed hunts on public land to control deer and swine populations. georgiawildlife.com/sites/default/files/uploads/wildlife/maps/… –  Russell Steen Jan 31 '12 at 22:30
    
Also this, which you can see trails (and winding stair gap, which leads me to believe that this may also include an AT section) georgiawildlife.com/sites/default/files/uploads/wildlife/maps/… –  Russell Steen Jan 31 '12 at 22:31
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There are many millions of acres of public land open to hunting in the U.S. –  xpda Jan 31 '12 at 23:19
    
In Michigan, most backpacking areas are open for hunting. –  Jan Hlavacek Feb 1 '12 at 3:10
    
Thanks for the corrections. I've mostly spent time in VA and NC and this has not been a problem there. –  Justin C Feb 1 '12 at 15:33
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