19
votes
2answers
261 views

What types of resources are best for identifying trees while hiking?

I'd like to start identifying trees in my area as a project with my kids while we are hiking. What is best for tree identification, a good color book such as the Audobon Field Guide to North ...
7
votes
1answer
118 views

What is the difference between accessory cord and prusik cord?

Aside from Prusik cord being a different weave, what's the big difference? When would I choose one type of cord over the other? Is there anything I shouldn't I use the different types of cord for? ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How to choose length for backcountry touring skis?

I am 6'2" (185 cm) tall, 200 lbs (~ 90 kg). I am in the market for backcountry touring skis and have my mind set on Madshus Eon. I have demoed similar skis in the past and really liked the wider ski ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

BMC Discount on Climbing Walls

What does the BMC membership discount encompass? Is it just climbing and mountaineering shops or is it other paid for services? More specifically, would the BMC membership discount apply to the ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

Creek discovery. Two structures at opposing ends of the bank. What are they?

I found these structures in a fairly inaccessible area of the creek. The oven like construction is made of bricks (which can be found around in the creek bed itself due to runoff) and mud for the seal ...
8
votes
4answers
185 views

How to introduce individuals to the concept of Leave No Trace

How do I prioritize teaching about the concept of Leave No Trace to someone who is unfamiliar with it, without coming across as off-putting because there are so many rules?
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does sunscreen not work all day?

All over the internet it says that sunscreen does not work all day, but does not say anything about why. Why does sunscreen not work all day? Does the matrials get destroyed by the UV rays? Or is it ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Sharp knee pain when going up and down stairs/bending my knee after my first backpacking trip [duplicate]

This past weekend, I went on my first backpacking trip. The last 5 miles were all straight down hill which caused a lot of knee pain. Now, three days later, I still have excruciating, stabbing pain ...
8
votes
2answers
122 views

Inexpensive ways to learn cross-country skiing

I am temporarily relocating from a region with mild climate to Montréal. I run almost every day, in summer and winter, as the temperatures rarely go much below freezing point. Now, I guess I will have ...
8
votes
1answer
139 views

How much experience is needed with llamas to hike with a llama, on one's own?

I've seen people on multi-day hikes with a llama, and the llama seems docile and easily led. It seems too good to be true. I would never go out with a mule or a horse on my own. If my husband and I ...
13
votes
2answers
170 views

Minimizing ecological impact of winter-sports in the backcountry

I have heard that skiers and snowboarders can do a lot of damage to an ecosystem. I am interested in the following backcountry wintersport activities and would like to do them responsibly. ...
5
votes
3answers
402 views

Should I wear a fleece while cross country skiing?

I am a beginner. I live in Toronto. In the February/March season, temperatures drop to -20°F, sometimes it's even colder. Is the following a good outfit for cross country skiing? For top: base ...
15
votes
4answers
12k views

Is it possible to develop immunity against mosquitos?

For me, every bite by mosquito results in heavy itching and the blister, which size is dependent on how long the mosquito was sucking the blood, in worst cases even 1 cm in diameter. If I would stay ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Inexpensive beach locations to learn surfing as a newbie? [closed]

Answer requirements Please avoid posting a list nations found online, such as "go to Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Bali..." Name and specify locations of beginner/learning friendly Beaches/Surf ...
8
votes
2answers
356 views

When rain jackets wear out, do they soak through?

I have a Paradox Rain Jacket from Costco that's served me well over the years. It's basically a single layer hardshell that I wear over everything in the rain and snow. I know that it says that the ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it realistic to teach yourself rock climbing?

I've been wanting to get into rock climbing for a while but I live in a very flat area with no climbing gyms around. I'm planning on moving to the Pacific Northwest soon and I wanted to know what the ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

What nocturnal animal sound am I hearing in the trees in Maine?

Every year, in late summer, in Maine, at night, I hear a noise coming from the trees. It sounds like a cardinal's chirp (http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Northern_Cardinal/sounds, fourth sound ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

How many bike paths parallel the Ohio River?

I have a bike and canoe combination that I have been using to explore rivers in my area that have public access between the river and the bike path. I tow the canoe up the bike path and paddle back ...
8
votes
1answer
107 views

Bolting Canyons, can your bolt be under water?

So I've been thinking about developing some canyons around here for canyoneering, but while scrambling up Red Rocks Canyon in Waterton and looking at all the large logs jammed rather high up in the ...
4
votes
1answer
870 views

Optimal size for crayfish (crawfish) trap entry hole?

I'm interested in taking advantage of the delicious, invasive and underutilized crawfish here in Minnesota. I recently purchased several minnow traps (they look like two metal mesh cones placed ...
6
votes
3answers
148 views

One-sided overhand bend

Why is the one-sided overhand bend also called the European death knot (EDK)? Is it safe for climbing and mountaineering purposes?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Locating outdoor/hiking shops that sell gas cans / fuel canisters near Ivalo (finland) on a sunday [closed]

Ok, this is probably a long shot, but I'll try anyway. Me and 2 friends will arrive at Ivalo airport this Sunday. From there we will take the bus to Kiilopaa. Somewhere we need to find a few gas cans ...
13
votes
2answers
475 views

How to carry a bicycle in a canoe?

I am contemplating a river journey from Pittsburgh to the Gulf of Mexico. 981 miles on the Ohio river and 2340 miles on the Mississippi River. The current plan calls for completing the journey in 1 ...
9
votes
4answers
236 views

Recommended ascents for the improving mountaineer

Considering a high level of fitness, but limited mountaineering skills (some indoor climbing, a few via ferratas and high altitude hikes), what hikes would you recommend as training (and perhaps some ...
8
votes
2answers
780 views

Walking through a Thigh-high snow

I have far less experience in trekking where there is snow. I believe walking through snow and through Ice are two different techniques. Is there some sort of safe technique to walk on such snow with ...
22
votes
8answers
5k views

Can/Should I cook in my tent?

When camping in bad weather I'm always asking myself if it is a good idea to cook in my tent with a gas cooker. Obviously there is the danger of fire. But how dangerous is this really? Can you easily ...
52
votes
8answers
16k views

What are good knots to know for camping and backpacking?

I once tied a bear bag with a haphazard bundle of knots, and despite being seemingly impossible to untie, it came loose when lowering the bear bag and nearly smoked my friend standing under it. What ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

Surviving a forest fire by starting another fire

Awhile back I heard on CBC radio about a man who got trapped in a forest fire (surrounded on all sides) and survived. The way he survived was so ridiculous that he was brought to court and almost ...
7
votes
1answer
25 views

Where can I find additional resources about Wildlands Provincial parks in Alberta?

I'm planning an overnight hiking trip in Alberta, it will involve one night of camping. I know that in Alberta you are allowed to "random camp" in Wildland Provincial parks, so I'll be heading to one ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Surviving a forest fire while backpacking [duplicate]

A friend of mine recently was forced to cancel a backpacking trip because Waterton Lakes National Park (Canada side of Glacier National Park in Montana) canceled his backcountry permit due to a forest ...
7
votes
2answers
167 views

What is involved in taking a canoe through a lock on a major US River?

Most of the locks on rivers in the United States are built for commercial traffic. like barges to navigate the river system. I know they exist and I have seen them on television, but that is all I ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Is there a Polish mountain rescue organisation?

I was talking to a friend on my lunch today about visiting the Tatra mountains in Poland and he said that an issue was the lack of mountain rescue if you get into trouble. Is this true, there is no ...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

How to harden feet for walking barefoot on harsh surfaces?

In the past I was only occasionally walking barefoot, on relatively short distances, on the earthy surfaces. But I'd like to train my feet to be able to do much more - including walking on harsh ...
9
votes
3answers
288 views

Snake dangers while hunting in the desert?

I plan to start doing some hunting in the greater southern Nevada Mojave desert (say within a 2 hour drive of Las Vegas). I know that while hiking, there is some "safety" from snakes because you are ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Is rope-soloing inherently dangerous, and if so, why?

I've never tried rope-soloing and don't have a very detailed idea of how it's done. But reading the 2015 edition of Accidents in North American Mountaineering, I was struck by how many accidents ...
5
votes
1answer
56 views

How long of cord do I need to make a three-point cordelette?

I was looking at buying some cord to make a three point cordelette (I am American, after all). I see that REI sells a pre-cut length of 7mm cord that is 6.4 meters (21 feet), but one of the review ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

UV Protection while trekking at 5000m for myopic vision

I have trouble seeing distant things and have myopia. Thus I prefer glasses with my prescription number (which is both cylindrical and spherical). I want protection from UV rays as I am going to spend ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

Leaving a fire unattended for a few hours, then returning

What is the best way to leave a fire unattended for a short time and then to return to use it again? Here is my imagined scenario: arrive at a camp site and start a fire in a pre-made iron fire pit. ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Any reasons not to use 30-year-old ice axe?

I'll be doing a guided tour which includes going up a steep slope on a glacier, therefore I need an ice axe. I could rent one for a couple of bucks from the tour organizers, but I was wondering if ...
37
votes
9answers
118k views

How do you determine how long a hike will take?

Is there a general rule of thumb for converting miles to hours when looking at a potential hike? For example, how long does it take an average person walking at an average speed to walk a mile on the ...
5
votes
1answer
153 views

What are some alternatives to drilling holes in a toothbrush?

I'm a big fan of ultralight hiking. One of the more creative aspects of not taking much on the trail is personal hygiene. My hygiene kit consists of: Toothbrush & toothpaste Dr. Bronner's soap ...
5
votes
2answers
98 views

Backpack is moving from side to side when I walk - is that the way it's supposed to be?

My backpack (Osprey Aether 70L) is moving from left to right slightly, albeit annoyingly, when I walk. I believe I adjusted the harness correctly, following the manufacturer's instructions here. If I ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the purpose of the shoulder strap upper adjustment?

On both of my backpacks (40L and 100L) the construction is as in the picture. The shoulder straps are connected to the backpack body at some point A on the back of the backpack. Separately, there ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

How to make a traditional torch?

How would you go about preparing an old fashioned torch for use in survival situations where an electrical torch has failed?
8
votes
1answer
145 views

Do dog life jackets have the same ratings as humans?

I'm looking into purchasing a dog life jacket for kayaking with our Shetland Sheepdog puppy, when he is fully grown (6months, he's currently almost 4months). Ideally this will be for rough water such ...
9
votes
3answers
128 views

Rappelling from tree

My friend and I were on a tough sport climb and couldn't make it to the chains. Thus, we had one quickdraw still on a bolt and we didn't want to leave this behind, (a quickdraw on this same project ...
6
votes
2answers
964 views

How to fix a leak in a fibreglass kayak?

I have got an old kayak from a friend of mine who no longer needs it. As he told me, there are 3 leaks in that Kayak, one of them is very visible being a coin-sized hole (:D). The others are pretty ...
10
votes
2answers
742 views

What are some techniques to avoid touching a wet tent wall?

If it rains when sleeping in a tent, and you touch the material, the water can leak through. This means that if your equipment touches the tent wall, it can be soaked when you wake up. What methods ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How do you repair a plastic kayak?

So roughly a month ago my other half and I brought ourselves each a SOT plastic kayak, we've been out on the water for maybe 2 hours total paddling time, but mine filled up with water. We found a ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Please explain this cryptic instruction on soloing related knots

I am trying to decipher a text from this page on rope solo leading: The other way you can tie in is to create a higher tie in point between your harness and chest harness, meaning you have less ...

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