7
votes
2answers
118 views

What’s special about a winter gas mixture? Why does it work better?

There’s a special “winter” gas mix available for gas stoves. How is it different from the usual propane/butane mix and why does it work better in low temperatures? (Does it work better in lower ...
9
votes
4answers
5k views

How do you stop blood-flow from a leech bite?

Although leeches are relatively harmless, and you are not likely to bleed out from a bite, the blood stain on your clothes can be off-putting to your hiking buddies. Is there any effective way to ...
9
votes
1answer
108 views

If a national park trail with its campsites has been decommisioned, can I still hike and camp there?

I am considering a hike along the Canadian Great Divide Trail from Jasper southward. As described in Dustin Lynx' book Hiking Canada's Great Divide Trail, the middle segment inside Jasper National ...
12
votes
2answers
297 views

Should one run (or walk) back to civilization if bitten by a rattlesnake?

From what I understand the most important thing to do when bitten by a rattlesnake is to get to a hospital. I often go on hikes where I am a few hours walk from civilization at the midpoint of my ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

A fishing pole for lake and ocean fishing

I'm looking for a fishing pole that can work for fishing trips to the ocean as well as lake fishing. I fish a lot in New Jersey (surf, bay, boat) and also visit lake Winnipesaukee quite a bit. Is ...
8
votes
2answers
163 views

Cutting snow steps on slopes

In many of the mountaineering expedition books that I've read, there are references to cutting of snow steps on slopes. What is the advantage of cutting snow steps? Why not use crampons and do a ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

What is SPF in sunscreen cream?

What is SPF in sunscreen creams? I go to 2500m-4000m altitude. What should I use? And I've heard that SPF more than 55 is not for men. Does more SPF mean more sun protection? What would be an ...
2
votes
1answer
352 views

Reliable supplier of Ultrafire batteries

I would love to buy one of those great Ultrafire torches and some spare batteries. However I have heard a lot of people online talking about the huge number of counterfeits that sell on eBay, etc. ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

what boots are good for caving?

considering the following options: watertight (since caves are often wet or muddy) stiff sole: to provide more grip and protection from the rocky bottom. durability What is better a rubber boot or ...
10
votes
4answers
326 views

Cooking over a fire

Is there a way to make a wood fire that is good for cooking? Why is it better than others? Assume little to no wind. Would it make a difference if I cooking hot dogs on a stick or a steak?
4
votes
1answer
235 views

How to anchor a raft on a river

The past couple years I've been taking a homemade raft out onto the Charles River in Boston to see the fireworks on July 4th (think an old boxspring mattress holding 4 people). One problem we always ...
13
votes
1answer
325 views

How should a climbing rope be cleaned?

What products and process should be used to clean a climbing rope when it gets sufficiently dirty? How would I remove as much dirt and grime as possible without negatively affecting the strength or ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Backpacking and primitive camping near Chicago?

I'm having trouble finding parks and forests that allow backpacking and primitive camping near Chicago, IL. Are there any good locations near Chicago for backpacking?
14
votes
2answers
740 views

Is my tent pole a lightning rod?

I have used the Mega Mid tent almost exclusively for hundreds of nights out over the last many years. It's versatile, well ventilated, light... but has this pole sticking straight up the middle. Is ...
9
votes
1answer
643 views

What should I do when caught in lightning while in my tent?

Suppose I'm caught in a heavy thunderstorm while lying in my tent, on my foam sleeping bad, in my nice waterproof tent. Suppose I have a good campsite so I don't need to worry about flash floods. ...
25
votes
1answer
16k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages between gas, liquid and solid fuel?

It seems you can get fuel for stoves in either gas form (butane, propane, etc.) liquid (methylated spirit) or solid fuel tablets. What are the particular advantages and disadvantages with each ...
12
votes
2answers
659 views

Legality of “semi-permanent” wooden structures in state and national forests in the US

Imagine the following situation: A group of friends found a remote spot in a state or national forest that they really like. They keep returning to the place quite often, lately there are at least ...
8
votes
1answer
162 views

Maxpedition Condor 2 unresolved questions

I am undecided between sitka and condor 2 packs. Can you please answer few of my question so I can deicide on my purchase. How much can condor 2 be shrunk when all 4 side compression straps are ...
2
votes
4answers
580 views

Are there any phobia-friendly ways to deal with flies?

I admit that this is not intended exclusively for the great outdoors. In truth I rarely venture into areas that are wild and overgrown with vegetation, tending to stick to more sub-urban excursions. ...
5
votes
3answers
167 views

Swimming across a strong current

Recently I had been to a hike where I had to cross quite a large stream. And I am not so good at swimming either. So after judging the possible depth, I could figure out that I can get across swimming ...
8
votes
3answers
558 views

Do I need to hang a bear cache?

I am considering to get Garcia Machine Backpacker's Cache. According to MEC user reviews, this is the only cache approved in the Adirondack Mountains. Canadian parks, and other places as well, ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

Best way to illuminate a tent?

Usually when I require light inside the tent I just prop a torch (flashlight) up somewhere, if it's bright enough then up at the roof of the tent the reflected light gives a nice ambient glow. Has ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

What kinds of wood work well in a bow drill?

I've been working with the bow-drill, and I notice that certain types of wood may be so hard that hardly any powder forms (like african mahogany) and others may be too soft and crumbly. Pine appears ...
4
votes
1answer
331 views

What temperatures can I expect in caves compared to surface?

If the daily air temperature is between 0 °C to 14 °C, what sort of temperature would be found within caves? Will it be any colder or warmer? The caves in question (Wombeyan) do not go terribly far ...
7
votes
5answers
562 views

What is a good knife for survival in a forested environment?

What style/size of knife would be most useful in a survival scenario in the forest?
5
votes
4answers
229 views

Ways of attaching a DSLR on a ACT Trail 32 backpack

I am looking into ways of attaching my Canon 7D anywhere onto my backpack (http://www.deuter.com/US/us/hiking/act-trail-32-34432-119.html) as it will not fit inside. It will be mounted with a lens ...
5
votes
1answer
61 views

Where can I find visitor statistics for Canadian provincial and territorial parks?

I'm currently planning my autumn (August/September) trek somewhere in Canadian mountains. Canada is vast and there are many very spectacular places, but some are very popular; for example, Jasper ...
17
votes
3answers
568 views

Are carabiners useful tools to have in the wilderness? If so, what would they be used for?

Carabiners are obviously essential in certain circumstances, such as with any type of climbing / rappelling. But are they a good tool to have generally as well, and if so what might be some example ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Considerations for buying windsurfing boards?

Which things should I consider when buying a surfboard for windsurfing? I am particularly interested in the first board after finishing a beginner´s course and gaining sufficient experience on one ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Can you use a loop-to-loop going braid to mono/fluoro?

I have been using a double uni knot to go from braid to a fluoro leader, and just recently learned a perfection loop, and accompanying loop-to-loop for fly line to fly leader. For spinning gear with a ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

Warmest and lightest solution for torso

Due to my limitations in my bag (32 ltrs) I would like to know which one is both the lightest and warmest solution I can pack with me (for the torso area). I do not care about doing sports in it. I ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Add more external space to my ACT Trail 32

I would like to add a bit more space (any way is acceptable) to my Deuter ACT Trail 32. http://www.deuter.com/US/us/hiking/act-trail-32-34432-119.html I do understand it will not be a permament ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Does windsurfing experience help me to learn kitesurfing?

I have some experience in windsurfing, meaning that I can perform the basic moves and handle the board and sail under normal to slightly difficult conditions. I have always been interested in ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

How to do maintenance for a trekking backpack?

How should I maintain my trekking backpack? Are there things I should do/regularly? How should I clean it, if necessary? How should I store it? This question is related: Taking care of hiking ...
5
votes
2answers
176 views

How are backcountry campground reservations enforced?

It seems that in the backcountry of Canadian parks, one may only camp on campgrounds, and reservations are required. For example, in Jasper National Park, one must camp on campgrounds to be reserved ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

What is a freestanding tent and why should I want one?

What is a free-standing tent? What are the advantages of a free-standing tent as opposed to a tent that isn't, and what are the disadvantages? See also: What is a self erecting tent and why should I ...
7
votes
3answers
331 views

Depth Perception in the Mountains

I'm not from the mountains. Every time I go into the mountains I lose all depth perception. I can't tell by looking if a peak is 100 meters or a 1,000 meters above me. I have to stare hard and look ...
12
votes
5answers
4k views

What are the key differences between Mountaineering and Rock Climbing?

I think the title speaks for itself. I have done a basic google search and I do not find the references to be sufficient. I'm looking for a short synopsis that would educate a layman such as myself. ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

European Made fishing rods

I am looking for a new fishing rod and reel (combo ideally) but prefer to support non-asian made products. Is there a European manufacturer of fishing rods/reels that doesn't outsource everything to ...
5
votes
1answer
212 views

Advantages of wool/felt jackets

I consider buying a jacket made from wool. The fabric is some kind of felt. I hade one when I was younger, but since these jackets are really expensive I would like to know how they perform compared ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

What does it need to maintain clothes including membranes

Everything is available with membranes (e.g. Gore-Tex Pro or Windstopper) these days: Hard shells Soft shells Gloves Walking shoes Gaiters Fleece ... I know it needs care to preserve the ...
7
votes
1answer
497 views

What should I look for when buying a Lensatic Compass

Lensatic Compasses seem to be priced from $5 to $100 USD. What features should I look for when buying one?
7
votes
3answers
497 views

What to consider when buying fins for recreational snorkeling?

I've been on a few beach vacations in the last few years and have discovered that I really enjoy snorkeling. I have at least three trips in the next year where I will probably go snorkeling (a few ...
3
votes
3answers
203 views

Memorial Day Backpacking in the Northwest

I've been set on getting my feet wet with backpacking this year. I did my first overnight trip along Thunder Creek a couples weeks ago, and was hoping to do a 3-day trip for Memorial Day weekend. My ...
5
votes
1answer
273 views

Why can't a Figure-of-8 descender be used for SRT?

I've been told that a Figure-of-8 descender cannot be used for SRT (single-rope technique) because the descender must be able to be removed from the rope, without being removed from the harness. Why ...
4
votes
3answers
540 views

How to dry wet shoes quickly?

Is there a way to dry the shoes out when they get wet? I am referring to situations specially when I can not hang them out to dry. Consider a situation wherein I am trekking in the night, and I need ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

Hardshell vs. Softshell jackets

Nowadays not only outdoor enthusiasts hear those terms when they are searching a jacket which fits their requirements most. Literally everywhere in cities you can find jackets (often with membranes) ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Where in Europe is wilderness meeting the U.S. wilderness definition?

In this excellent answer, LBell quotes the U.S. definition of wilderness: (1) generally appears to have been affected primarily by the forces of nature, with the imprint of man's work ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

License for international hunters in Canada

How do hunting licenses work when travelling abroad for hunting? It's not a case of re-locating to a new country, just spending some time there. Is there an international recognition of a national ...
7
votes
2answers
155 views

How to prepare for a 1 day 10 mi hike around Gettysburg, PA?

I have two weeks to prepare for a 1 day 10 mile professional guided hiking tour of the Gettysburg Battle fields. I walk a mile a day now easily. But at 74yrs wonder if I can build more endurance in ...

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