15
votes
3answers
916 views

Why are backpacks mostly not made of waterproof material?

Many bicycle panniers are made of waterproof material. Backpacks are not, necessitating built-in or separate raincovers. Why don't backpacks use the material that waterproof panniers do? Unlike ...
4
votes
0answers
21 views

How do I apply for a permit for the Zona de Reserva in Parque Natural Sierra de Grazalema? Can it be done online?

Within Parque Natural Sierra de Grazalema, is the Zona de Reserva, for which special permits are required: The Spanish fir forest and other areas in the Reserve can only be visited at certain ...
9
votes
1answer
71 views

Do sugar maple trees ever flower in the fall in Ohio?

I know that most maple trees flower in the spring and produce seeds in the fall. However, it seems to be the reverse for the maples near me. I see seeds fall off in the spring which makes me think ...
3
votes
0answers
13 views

Are any canyons in the Sierra de Grazalema accessible without special canyoneering gear?

The book Sierra de Grazalema: Complete Guidebook to the Natural Park includes a chapter on canyons, describing two routes: one Garganta Verde and one through the Garganta de las Buitreras. Both ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Can nylon ropes fail from bend fatigue?

Everyone knows that bending a paperclip back and forth will eventually cause it to break. This is due to a process called fatigue. And while this answer discusses the elastic limits for fatigue, I ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Is it ok to wear hiking shoes on street conditions?

I want to buy some comfortable shoes to wear while going to work. I have to walk 4 km every day. I want to use these shoes on rainy (not too heavy) days too. I am looking for shoes for all weather ...
61
votes
8answers
11k views

Should I run if I see wild dogs?

Wild dogs appear to be dangerous. Should I be running if I come across one, or should I stand fast and defend myself? They are a social animal, so they will be in a pack almost all the times.
7
votes
2answers
203 views

Retractable reel for twine - does it exist?

I occasionally use a very long stretch of twine to transport light gear (<1lb) between my partner and I when we're camping out ~30m from each other. Unreeling and reeling this twine is extremely ...
10
votes
2answers
115 views

Can I mix the contents of a cigarette with Odomos to prevent leech bites?

I read tobacco leaves can be used to prevent leech bites. I'm unable to find tobacco leaves so can I use cigarettes instead?
9
votes
3answers
173 views

Case example on Altitude Mountain Sickness: How to detect and react properly?

I know the theory behind effects of high altitudes on the human body is not entirely understood and because of cross-influence it is a difficult topic. It's not an exact science. Having said that I ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

What is “Isolation” and “Prominence” in mountain terms?

When I was browsing through the wikipedia page of the Denali mountain, I came across some piece of information. Refer the screenshot below. What does the term Prominence and Isolation mean?
7
votes
0answers
39 views

Within the U.S. Grand Circle area, where is the number of daytime trail permits limited?

Within the U.S. Grand Circle region (very roughly Las Vegas NV /Provo UT/Aspen CO/Santa Fe NM/Phoenix AZ), for what trails are the number of permits issued limited considering day use only? I am ...
6
votes
1answer
94 views

Trekking Har ki doon (India): Permits and Guides

We are going to Sankri-Har-ki-doon trek. So, from various sources in internet we found a that a forest permit is necessary for the trek. From where should we obtain this ? And is it mandatory to hire ...
8
votes
2answers
71 views

How do you diagnose severe altitude illness?

If someone is feeling bad at high altitude, how do you tell if their condition is so severe that it threatens their life unless they descend immediately?
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Acclimitization: Would 20 min at an “oxygen bar” deliver more than an ephermal boost to a healthy person?

My last trip was just a hiking trip, so I stayed at a hotel. For $35, the hotel offered 20 min at their "oxygen bar". I was tempted, but did not succumb. I didn't have a headache, or feel ...
8
votes
1answer
121 views

Acclimatizing to Hot weather

When people discuss Acclimatization, it is generally observed that they refer to higher altitudes, or colder weather. While, acclimatization is not only applicable to higher altitudes and/or cold ...
17
votes
8answers
8k views

How to keep my legs warm in winter?

Winter is coming! Very quickly in Belgium actually, much faster than I'm used to. It's also the first year where I spend a lot of time outside. Soon, that could be a lot of time outside... freezing. ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Plus size wet suits?

I know its rather ironic but I'm a big guy that enjoys open water swimming. I'd like to do more of it in order to help myself with my waistline. I swim in the Pacific so I need a wetsuit. I'm looking ...
10
votes
3answers
204 views

Proper food storage against black bears on a LONG (e.g., 14 days) trip, partly in black bear country? (enough bear canisters not practical)

This question is prompted by the replies to Questions about specifics of black bear encounter with mother and yearling cub. That question was about an encounter over 30 years ago, before the era of ...
8
votes
4answers
715 views

How to re-store an inflatable sleeping pad?

I can't figure out how to put the kelty pdsi back in its stuff sack as small as it did before and can't figure out an easy way to get all the air out
5
votes
2answers
126 views

Questions about specifics of black bear encounter with mother and yearling cub

I hope the bear experts on the site can shed light on several aspects of a black bear encounter my husband and I had some years ago in the Sierra. It was mid-May, about 9500 feet, well above timber ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

Similar knots to be avoided

There are knots that have similar sort of a structure or a look-alike looping which can easily confuse someone who is not seasoned in knots and safety associated with them. As a thumb rule, beginners ...
7
votes
1answer
77 views

Is there a connection between stress and difficulty in acclimatizing?

In the experience of users of this site, does intense stress hamper acclimatization? I recently experienced much more difficulty in acclimatizing in an area where I frequently visit. The only ...
7
votes
1answer
138 views

How do you grade a bouldering problem?

How would someone grade a bouldering problem they've created? What would one have to look out for when grading? When bouldering, does a highball mean a more difficult grading?
8
votes
1answer
63 views

Seam tape on tent fly

I've got a Kelty Typhoon 2 tent, from the mid-1990s but still in good shape. I haven't noticed any leaking from the fly, but I'm thinking it might be time to re-seal the seams on the fly before I take ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Are there any electrically heated winter gloves? [duplicate]

Every winter in -30C my fingers freeze. My warmest military grade gloves don't solve the problem. I wonder if electrically heated gloves will do a better job of keeping my hands warm, but haven't ...
9
votes
2answers
146 views

Advice for waterproof winter jacket for city and cycling

I'm looking for a winter jacket that is waterproof and breathable. The main use is as a main jacket during the winter for going around so needs to be warm and as a waterproof shield for short cycling ...
6
votes
0answers
23 views

When are the best times/months to catch speckled trout on the US Gulf Coast?

I would like to go fishing for speckled trout (proper name spotted seatrout) along the US Gulf Coast, specifically near Galveston Bay and Trinity Bay. What months are the best times to catch speckled ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

What types of live bait should I use to catch red drum?

I want to go fishing for red drum (reds) on the Texas Gulf Coast and I would like to use live bait. What types of live bait should I use?
7
votes
2answers
147 views

What kind of leaf should I NOT use for tissue or toilet paper?

Yesterday I was out in the woods and had a runny nose. When I wanted to blow my nose I looked for maple leaves, because I knew what they were. Not sure if the list of bad choices is small enough for ...
8
votes
2answers
90 views

Can you identify flying bats?

I've noticed a lot of bats around my house recently. I'd love to know what type of bat they are but all I see is a silhouetted glimpse as they dart past. Is there anyway to identify what types of ...
11
votes
3answers
475 views

What easy 6,500m peaks would serve as easy qualifiers for Everest?

So there's been talk of this for a while, but it seems like the Nepalese government is finally committing and closing Everest to inexperienced climbers. So from now on, as a safety measure, if you ...
6
votes
4answers
342 views

What should I feed ravens/crows?

There are some big raven's I've noticed visit our housing estate in the early am. They're big majestic birds and I quite like them. What food would you put out to encourage these into your garden? ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How to help birds with water?

In India, the monsoon lasts for 4 months between June and September. Since last week or so the rain is gone, and this monsoon hasn't been decent, the rainfall had been it's lowest since the 1970's and ...
5
votes
3answers
114 views

How to avoid snakes when hiking in heavily leaved areas? [duplicate]

While attempting to locate a specific climbing wall, our group hiked off-trail through several different areas that had large piles of leaves. In attempt to scare off the snakes, we poked the ground ...
10
votes
1answer
602 views

Bottled Oxygen on Everest

After watching Everest this weekend, and reading the books about the 1996 events, I was wondering just one question. Why would you not carry 3 or 4 bottles of O's to get you up and back? Or why ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Does a bird really abandon the nest? Will similar birds re-use it?

This may appear a bit opinion-based. Birds take a while and a lot of effort to build a nest. Is it okay to take that pretty nest as a sample or a show-piece to put in a personal balcony or a garden? ...
9
votes
4answers
253 views

Backpacking in the Winter (Michigan)

Winter is quickly approaching, and my friends and I (relatively inexperienced backpackers - only been on 2 trips of 9 days each) were wondering how much experience is necessary to safely backpacking ...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

What type of bird seed attracts the most amount of birds?

When looking for bird seed (particularly this time of year, Autumn) what kind of bird seed should I be using to attract the most amount of birds into the garden? Is the seed even important or will any ...
9
votes
3answers
533 views

What do you call the bags which help organize items inside a backpack?

I'm a beginner to hiking. Last time, I had trouble easily accessing my stuff. Putting things inside the pack was also taking nearly an hour of my time. The problem is that I have to empty the ...
9
votes
3answers
292 views

Rock climbing over edge - What can I put under the rope to protect it?

I am working on a very fun problem with an overhung roof that induces serious rope drag (Goat Rock Roof @ Castle Rock if you know it). I am very nervous about training this beta intensive problem ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Spreader rig safety question

I built a spreader using steel double lock snaps from a NIB fall restraint lanyard and a 27 kn 50" webbing loop. I ran a bowline with blight to each double snap and one to where my steel 50 kn auto ...
6
votes
2answers
63 views

Catching largemouth bass with sunfish?

I have caught bass in the past but they have always been small largemouth bass or smallmouth bass. And this is with wax worms that I often use when fishing with my dad. My dad caught a big largemouth ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

What are the Pros and Cons of a Full-coverage Rainfly?

I've been researching tents to replace some low-quality dome tents that each have had a partial rainfly. Every tent I've owned that has had a partial rainfly has performed horribly in the rain (I ...
24
votes
4answers
1k views

What to do if the second seems stuck and absolutely no communication is possible?

Backstory: A few months ago, I experienced the following situation: We (two people) were climbing the last pitch of a multi-pitch route. Near the end, there was a cave-like chimney. Basically a ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

knives, how long a blade should I carry? [closed]

what size of knife should I carry to not make peoples eyebrows raise? what manufacturers would you suggest?
12
votes
2answers
755 views

How do you get better at static climbing?

Being in control of your body and making controlled movements is a skill I can't seem to get down. Are there any good ways to practice this or any workouts that can contribute to helping me build up ...
12
votes
5answers
836 views

Is clipping directly onto a dyneema sling safe?

I was recently doing a scramble route in North Wales. We needed to get past a large rock spike, though easy climbing, it was quite exposed and not a good place to take a fall. As a safety backup I ...
9
votes
2answers
134 views

How do you keep your dog cool while hiking on hot sunny days?

We have a black dog, and we can't really take him out hiking in the heat and sun because he can't cool down fast enough. How do you keep your dog cool when it's hot out and you're away from water? ...
5
votes
2answers
107 views

This isn't a double overhand loop — what is it?

Inspired by @ShemSeger's possibly invented knot, I'm curious to see if anyone knows anything about this knot: Final knot: Reverse deconstructed: It's basically the same idea from a double ...

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