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10

There is a great Mountain Rescue in Poland, called GOPR ("Górskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe" - "Mountain Volunteer Search and Rescue"). They cover all the mountain regions of Poland and in case of emergency you can reach them calling free rescue number: +48 601100300. There is even a smartphone app you can use to call help called "Ratunek" ...


7

International standard and very easy to remember is the Y or N signal. If you want to communicate more than that, your signals should be easy and self-explaining. If you are e.g. climbing and it's not that obvious who needs help you could also inform the rescue team in the helicopter by pointing to the casualty after signaling Y.


4

I think there have to be two parts to the answer: If you are in an immediately life-threatening situation where you have to act in order to survive, then the only thing that can save you when you are mentally shaken is training and routine. You can train dangerous situations in a safe environment so that when they occur for real, you know what you have to ...


3

Yes & no. The U.S. Navy land survival training in Pensacola, Florida teaches students to chew on pine needles to obtain vitamin C. But you don't actually chew and swallow them.


3

Two arms up (Y) indicates you are in distress. One arm up, one arm down, indicates that you are not in distress. Also, when in distress, our friends in Europe tend to recognize the rule of 3 ( or 6 ): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distress_signal#Mountain_distress_signals If you have flags, or sticks and fabric to form flags out of, you can utilize the ...


3

Kerosene is different from other carbon fuels in that is has a much higher flash point, meaning that it has to be warmer than other fuels before it will produce a vapour that can be ignited. Other fuels with a much lower flash point produce a lot more vapours at warmer temperatures, making them much more volatile. If your lamp is designed to be used with ...


2

Lighter fluid and charcoal lighter fluid may be one of or a combination of the following: alcohol, kerosene, naphtha or other petroleum solvent. Therefore I would stick with kerosene.


2

On any British Red Cross first aid course, given a conscious casualty scenario; the aid giver is taught to reassure the casualty. What I think you are asking is. How do I reassure the casualty, and ensure that their mental state is not going to impede rescue or add further risk to health? Furthermore you are stating that the casualty and the aid giver are ...


1

In the marine environment, it's often a little easier if you reference a known location. Offshore, you want to use lat/lon coordinates for sure. But if you're a mile from the coast (or less), it's a lot easier for people to find you if you say "We're a hundred yards south of buoy three, looking at the hotel with the red roof." I worked for a water rescue ...


1

A couple of additional points which I think have not yet got the attention they deserve. Time is of the essence. I've once seen a report that stated that the average swimmer can make it about 50 meters max in 4°C water before drowning. That is not a lot! Meaning, that if the person in distress cannot hold on to something which helps them stay afloat you ...



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