Hot answers tagged

36

Anybody who has severe allergies which could lead to anaphylaxic shock should carry appropriate medication with them. Typically, that would consist of: An antihistamine (e.g. benadryll) An epinephrine auto-injector (aka "Epi-Pen") Benadryll is available over the counter and you should have it in your first aid kit. Epi is by prescription only (at least ...


13

Self-assessment is difficult because your level of consciousness (LOC) may be impaired. Unfortunately, one's own state of mind is also very difficult to self-assess. I'll list here a brief overview of some of the "self-checks" you can do, but (as I'm sure you're already aware), getting a second person to check you out as soon as possible will help ensure you ...


10

They are often basically the same but there are often three additional items listed: tick tweezers louse-comb foldable cone (to be preferred), muzzle or strips of cloth to prevent biting (its wounds etc.) Especially the tick tweezers seems to be pretty useful of course. Other pet-specific supplies to assume Pet first-aid book Phone numbers: ...


9

First I will describe the stages of frostbite focusing on how to detect them and what are the implications of each. Secondly I will address handling frostbite. Classification Stages of frostbite are divided into two classes: Damage to the skin (first and second stage) and damage including deeper tissue (nerves, muscles, tendons) (third and fourth stage). ...


9

A cast is meant to promote long-term healing of a broken bone, and getting a cast typically requires a doctor in a definitive care environment. A splint is the preferred treatment for fractures and sprains in the field. The purpose of a splint is to immobilize the limb around the injury. A good splint should be well padded, comfortable for the patient, and ...


9

I've been out in the woods with companions who have suffered severe burns. You first priority is to relieve the pain, you accomplish this by removing the heat from the burn. Cool clean water is your best friend for the first few hours at least, have the victim stick his hand in a cool clean lake or stream. I say cool water, not cold water. If the water is ...


7

Many people at moderate altitudes (about 10,000-13,000', 3000-4000 m) experience mild AMS (acute mountain sickness). The most common symptom is a headache. Mild AMS is not life-threatening, and people may experience similar symptoms due to other factors that are common in a mountain environment, such as lack of sleep, caffeine withdrawal, sunburn, or ...


7

One of the most effective splinting materials is birch bark. Peel it off the tree just as you would if you were going to use it to make a canoe. It's very stiff, and it has some natural curl to it. Wrap it around the broken limb and you can use anything from triangular bandages to strips of torn clothing, duck tape, or even a sock to keep it in place. ...


6

Depending on the size of your dog you should also consider getting some larger bandages - A Labrador is very large around compared to a human leg. Also I would suggest some plastic bags - They can be used in conjunction with the self cling bandages over a leg, foot or tail wound. Also, as in a human, for penetrating or sucking wounds. Something for stings ...


6

Basically people look at the frostbites in 4 principle stages. First Degree Frostbite - Frostnip: Fingers/toes/nose feel very cold, prolonged exposure would numb them. This isn't deep in your body, its just the skin. Medically, its just the Stratum Corneum and Stratum Lucidum being affected and not the whole Epidermis. Rubbing hands, fingers, rapid ...


6

First of all, stop strenuous activity. If possible, get back into a warmer environment. If not, breathe through your nose as much as possible. This can also be used as a preventative measure. Hydrate properly.


5

Typically runners exert their lungs the most if compared to Mountaineers. I am strictly not comparing with Swimmers of course. First, why would it happen, how do you know whats happening: Do we normally catch cold, runny nose when its cold outside? Normally we do. "How much cold" can vary from person to person though. Getting runny nose is one of the body'...


5

My guess - you were not suffering AMS symptom, but you were in potentially big trouble. Normally AMS symptoms take time - up to 24 or even 48 hours to develop. When I was climbing Alpamayo (6000m), a guy got carried off after he came up from sea level and attempted the peak in a day. His aim was bag the peak (6000m) and get down to 3000 within 24hours and ...


5

Having had to splint my own broken wrist in the wild, I do not suggest wasting time going for "natural" solutions to the problem. Sure, if something natural is there and better than what you have, go for it. Depending how far way, and how mobile the patient needs to be, will depend how much time you spend improvising. In my case a 30 minute walk through ...


4

I just looked at a typical UK "Pet First Aid Kit" here. http://www.petsathome.com/shop/en/pets/dog/dog-healthcare/dog-first-aid/first-aid-box-for-pets Contents are... Each pack contains 24 pieces all designed with the care of your pet in mind, including: 2 x 20ml Pods of Saline - to wash away dirt and debris from your pet's eyes and other ...


4

Unlikely to help unless a tea bag is handy but the tannins in black tea bags contain tranexamic acid which helps clot blood. Just had 5 hours of bleeding from a leech which didn't stop with heavy bandaging and elevation of my leg. I applied a tea bag I had wet in tap water for 5 mins and it hasn't bled since. Old medical trick. Its like an antidote to the ...


4

I guess one of the central concerns with AMS is that you can never know when it hits you. You can prepare, acclimatize and try to avoid all the stupid mistakes - but even under perfect conditions, and even if you have a successful history of climbing at altitude it can hit you any time. From what you described I don't see any obvious mistakes. It sound like ...


4

I was once the rather unhappy participant in a study on ankle injury treatment at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. I came in with a serious injury and was told that with conventional treatment I would have been immobilised for weeks. What they did was plunge my ankle in ice for as long as it was bearable, and once the swelling had reduced, they manipulated ...


4

Due to the nature of many injuries your awareness and ability to treat yourself may be impaired. Therefore, extra care should be taken. Don't do anything rash or hastily as that will probably just make things worse. Take a few moments to collect yourself and get an initial impression of how you feel. Your first concern is to prevent further injury and get ...


4

As a speculation, you may have a ceiling of about 16,500 feet. This speculation is reinforced by your starting to feel stronger as you passed 16,500 on the way down. Was this the first time you climbed above 16,500? My husband had an office mate -- very tough, fit guy -- who puked regularly at 13,000 feet, and felt awful. Finally he accepted his ceiling....


3

As a general rule: Assume acute mountain sickness (AMS) unless proven otherwise. AMS is potentially life threatening, so if you have symptoms related to AMS, do not ascend any further. If they do not get better, descend. Low altitude is not an indication against AMS which can occur above 2000m already. So the assessment should rely on your symptoms. Early ...


3

Prevention is easy, wear your pack on your hips where it's supposed to be, and never let anything rub. Friction is bad, all hot spots need to be taken care of long before they are allowed to develop into a blister. Treatment for such blisters may involve draining them so they don't cause pain from pressure, and then wrapping them with a thick bandage. Use ...


2

Ah, that sounds really painful and disturbing. Your description is more like its a Boil than a Blister. Medically, A boil is a localized infection in the skin that begins as a reddened, tender area. Over time, the area becomes firm, hard, and increasingly tender. Eventually, the center of the boil softens and becomes filled with infection-fighting ...


2

Leeches found in tropical climates were found to drop off from the bite site if some salts are sprinkled over it. This is a very effective way to remove them. I had experienced this myself when I was in the southern state of Kerala, India for trekking. Unfortunately, it took over an hour to stop the bleeding from my finger. I noticed leech's reaction from ...


1

The answers all correct, but the main questions is, Does unique Polarized glasses protect from UV rays? Yes...up to some extent (some percentage).That is, when polarized glasses block the horizontally polarized light from SUN, It also blocks the UV rays which are horizontally polarized. So one can protect from UV rays by using Polarized glasses up to some ...


1

If you can observe clearly , you can easily differentiate the two ends of a leech .. the mouth/head part will be thin and the back/tail part where it releases gum to stick will be thick. To remove a leech place you two thumbs on your body such that leech mouth is in between them , now start applying force with your thumbs by pressing hard into your body ... ...



Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible