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8

I would consider using OSM as they are available for garmin devices.


7

Prerequisites: A Topographical Map for the area you are in. Ordnance Survey's Landranger series cover all of the UK. A compass suitable for the task. (I use the Silva Expedition 54) Knowledge of your current location on the map. Step 1: Taking Bearing. Point your compass at the distant peak. (This is done without a map, by physically looking at the ...


6

Google maps is free as in beer but doesn't usually show hiking trails. OpenStreetMaps is a free and open source site that works sort of like Wikipedia, and it often has good coverage of hiking trails, but the coverage may be somewhat hit-or-miss. For example, I've put in some trails for specific areas in California that are near my house or that I've ...


4

Pythagoras is actually exactly what you would use, approximated as finely as you need for accuracy. What I mean by approximated, is: If you are following a continuous incline, you really only need one right angled triangle to calculate your hypotenuse, but if your incline varies, a more accurate figure will be gained by taking each change of incline as a ...


4

In places where the contour lines are closer together, the slope is steeper. Where the lines are further apart, the slope is gentler. In a spot where you see several lines merge together, that is a sheer drop-off. Avoid those, obviously. Look for nesting Vs on the map. These are ridges, or possibly ravines. Water (blue) bisecting the V will tell you it is a ...


4

The easiest option is to use this website: Garmin.Openstreetmap.nl It has an option to select just the map tiles you want, so you can get a map for a fairly small area if you want. To do this, choose the option for "Enable manual tile selection", then click on the tiles to select them. Then enter your email address, and click the button for "Build my map". ...


4

I would recommend a site like CalTopo (my favorite) or Hillmap; you can import GPX files into them, or click on points to define a path. For Caltopo, creating a path by clicking might not be immediately obvious; first choose "Add New Object", then select "Line", and once you've edited any details you can click each waypoint or hold down shift while ...


3

For central Europe I can recommend www.wanderreitkarte.de, which is a German site but has also an English and Italian language layer. Its data is based on openstreetmap data which is (at least in Germany) much more detailed off the beaten track than google maps is. Unfortunately it does not contain Norway, where your hike has obviously been done. ...


3

Bing maps supports topo-maps (in the UK at least and not on the mobile client) via the ordanace survey


3

Spain is mediocre when it comes to topographic maps. Certainly beats Italy, but you won't find the quality of France, Switzerland, Germany, or northern Europe. They're not too old — you can find maps less than 10 years old in the new digital series, at scales down to 1:25,000. In general, what's on the map exists and is accurate. Unfortunately: most ...


2

So if we'd walked, say 10Km as the "crow flies" and climbed 1Km how far had we actually walked (roughly)? (looks like Math Markup isn't enabled here?) km = sqrt( distance^2 + elevation^2 ) = sqrt( 10^2 + 1^2 ) You added a whole 50 meters to your hike with that 1km elevation gain. That's assuming a steady slope. If the route is up hill and down ...


2

What exactly do you want to measure? If you want to estimate shoe usage, it would be better to measure steps, not the distance. If you want to estimate fatigue, than there's a heuristic, you should assume that 100m up is the equivalent of 1km on flat terrain. So you have walked 20 km equivalents. It has taken you twice as much time as you would be ...


2

You can get a good estimate of the distance walked by timing or pacing. Naismith's Rule (a way of estimating the time to walk a distance when ascents are involved) can help with the timing aspect but is only an estimation of the time taken to walk a certain distance taking ups and down into account. From the knowledge of expected average speed and time ...


2

You have two options: Georgia trekking maps Georgia trekking maps covering part of Georgia are available from various international resellers, such as omnimap and amazon. They cover part of the mountains of Georgia, and seem to include the province of Svanetia: Genshtab maps As a former Soviet Union member state, Georgia is well-covered by the ...


2

I am an English language volunteer with Jeju Olle Trail here on Jeju Island, South Korea. There is certainly no need to buy such expensive maps for the trail. The trail is well-marked and when you arrive at the airport you can get an English-language guidebook too, which was detailed route information. Regarding Halla Mountain. You will be restricted to ...


2

To add to ppl's reply, Free maps for Garmin brand GPS devices And Ibycus Topo And GpsFileDepot. And there's probably more that could be added.


2

Another guide book option for you might be the BMC sport climbing guide. http://www.bmcshop.co.uk/product_info.php?products_id=5299


2

Maybe the ROCKFAX? http://www.rockfax.com/climbing-guides/books/northern-england-2008/ By the way, this is a great site for finding info on crags in a given area: http://www.ukclimbing.com/logbook/map/ - once you find a crag it also lists relevant guidebooks.


1

In terms of planning distances I figure 5:1 for elevation. That is, a meter up effectively adds 5 meters horizontally. This is true for up and down both. In practice the up part takes longer for any but the most fit, but coming down is still slower than flat (you are picking your foot landing more carefully.) Both going up and going down you are taking ...


1

If you want to go on walking routes then a good option is http://www.prames.com/ they will post walking guides internationally. Many of the guides include maps for the routes. The routes are also waymarked which is a large advantage as well. Even if you are not very good at Spanish it is worth getting the books because they are a lot cheaper than the maps. I ...


1

There's a german organization their website can be found here -> http://www.orientierungslauf.de/ Best you ask them for further informations, best you contact one of these guys -> http://fv.orientierungslauf.de/kontakt.html



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