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36

Anybody who has severe allergies which could lead to anaphylaxic shock should carry appropriate medication with them. Typically, that would consist of: An antihistamine (e.g. benadryll) An epinephrine auto-injector (aka "Epi-Pen") Benadryll is available over the counter and you should have it in your first aid kit. Epi is by prescription only (at least ...


14

There is already an answer that gives the basics, and this official page from the Coast Guard adds several details, so here is my summary. The system of ratings for Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs) was developed jointly by the United States Coast Guard (USCG) and Underwriters Laboratory (UL) and has been in use for many decades. USCG had announced they ...


10

Given you mention "type x" I guess you are referring yourself to the US classification. In other countries (like Canada or Europe) classification, requirement and approval is different. So, for The USA, they vary in terms of application and buoyancy. Type 1 has about 22lbs (~100N) of buoyancy and it should right you face up. Rescue wont be immediate and ...


7

That just looks like forge scale. Those axes are hand forged and during the process oxides build up on the surface of the metal and if flakes of scale get picked up on the head of the hammer (probably a power hammer in this case) they can get driven into the surface of the steel making a shallow indent. You can also get texture where the scale falls off in ...


6

Crocodiles like water so if you stay away from water you will avoid them entirely. However that also rules out many wonderful destinations to hike. If you are around waters with crocs Avoid backwaters and inlets as they like to hang out in those. Don't go swimming in waters unless you know they are safe. Stay at least 16ft(5m) from the waters edge. ...


4

There are 2 types of dog aggression you are concerned about here: Territorial agression: Most common situation, you are coming through a place they consider their turf. You ignored the "obvious" piss smell and are trespassing. They are not attacking you so much as defending and they are somewhat afraid but there is strength in numbers. Do not run, that ...


4

A few points that haven't been added here yet: A common cause of rope failure that I've read about has come from accidental chemical contamination. For example one unlucky climber left their rope in their car trunk and small amounts of battery acid got on the rope and damaged it. Check the sheath for any evidence of chemical contamination (corrosion, oil, ...


3

Are climbing harnesses tested for upside down falls? ... No. Harness have forces gradually applied to them of up to 15kn while attached to a dummy, the dummy is oriented in the head up position and the force is applied as if a person was hanging from the belay loop. Alternatively the harness belt is placed around a cylinder and forces are gradually applied ...


3

Looks like scaling to me, the way scaling is dealt with when forging depends a bit on the composition of the metal and the heat that is used (lots of heat=lots of scaling, you can eat away a lot of the material just in scaling if you work too hot). Normally after you acquire practice working scaling wont be a problem. These days "hand made" forging doesn't ...


2

Not sure there are many places where monkeys would be an issue, but I suppose the issue is the same with other animals. In Europe where climbing ethics are often related to environmental ethics and respect of wildlife and nature, it is usual to leave any nesting animal alone and avoid disturbing them. See the BMC advice for British climbers and birds: ...


1

In addition to personal equipment appropriate to the terrain and conditions there are some rescue specific basics which should be easy to provide: Shelter : this should be easy to erect around a casualty in any terrain so things like tarps and blankets are preferable to tents. Medical : even if you don't have proper medics, basics like field dressings ...


1

The first thing is to think very hard about whether you really need to cross it, in most circumstances the answer will be NO so there needs to be a strong reason to do so. DO NOT cross a river just because you are travelling in a straight line and the river is in the way. A river is a good source of water and, food and materials and they are an excellent ...



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