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24

Isolation and prominence are the two key criteria to classify a peak as an independent mountain. To understand the meaning I like the visualization from the German Wiki where "Dominanz" means isolation and "Schartenhöhe" means prominence: Isolation is the distance to the next point with the same height (radius) of a higher mountain. So the nearest ...


15

I think Wikipedia article on Fjard has a very good explanation: Although fjards and fjords are similar in that they are a glacially-formed topography, they still differ in some key ways. Fjords are characterized by steep high relief cliffs carved by glacial activity and often have split or branching channels. Fjards are a glacial depression or valley ...


14

imsodin's explanation (it's a heavy object you bury in the ground, like a dead body) seems very plausible. Just to add some history to it, here's the earliest use of the term listed in the Oxford English Dictionary: a1852 W. T. Spurdens Forby's Vocab. E. Anglia (1858) III. 12 Deadman, a piece of timber buried in the earth, to secure posts, or other ...


13

Front country is a rarely used term; it would only be in contrast to backcountry. Backcountry camping means that you are not near the road or in a developed area. Typically sites can only be reached by foot or boat, often several hours of travel from any development. Facilities will range from absolutely nothing - camp where you like, try not to make a mess -...


11

The DMM device you linked to is as far as I know the only product that has this name officially, but a dead man anchor is a general term for what is in mountaineering also called a t-slot anchor. In that case you simply dig a trench at right angle to the direction of pull, bury an object and attach a rope that holds the weight. I presume that as the DMM ...


11

According to the features list for The North Face Men's Borealis Pack, that is called a: Front elastic bungee for external storage


9

The two terms specifically refer to the finer aesthetics of Lead Climbing, in which a climber will either create intermediate anchors using gear (referred to as traditional climbing), or will use the bolted anchors on a wall (referred to as sport climbing), and clip the rope to them as he/she ascends for protection. To understand the two terms, you will ...


9

I think the main difference is probably in British vs American (/rest of the world) English. Fell is a particularly British term referring to areas such as the Lake district that does not really have a direct equivalent in many other places. Following from this in the UK there is the Fell runners association, whereas in the US the equivalent would be the ...


8

Orienteering - A competitive sport in which runners have to find their way across rough country with the aid of a map and compass. Also (occas.) with competitors using skis, riding on horseback, etc. (OED) 1948 Amer. Ski Ann. 1949 146/1 Senior Scouts representing 15 Boy Scout Councils from New York and New Jersey met at Snow Ridge Ski Center last winter ...


7

That's simply elastic cord threaded through tie out loops on your bag. It's used to lash everything that can't fit inside your bag (extra layers/jacket), things that you don't want inside your bag (wet/muddy clothes or sharp pokey crampons), or things that you want quick access to onto the outside of your bag (wind breaker/gaiters/rain jacket). When I'm ...


7

Prominence Is it's height above the surrounding ground (so the ground level is x height above sea level, the mounting is y height above sea level, it's Prominence = y -x) Isolation Is the distance between it and the nearest point at the same height. This is all based on the "footprint" on a map of a peak. This can be straight forward, or it can be very ...


7

A fingerboard, hangboard, and training board all refer to the same thing: a device used to train for climbing that mounts on a wall or other vertical surface to improve strength and endurance. What is a Fingerboard? A fingerboard is made from either wood or resin, and can be as small or as big as you like. Ideally it should fit above your door ...


6

Expedition weight relates to the temperature rating and level of activity. It usually means cold and low activity. According to REI expert-advice section. For cool conditions, thermal underwear is available in light-, mid- and expedition-weights. Choose the weight that best matches your activity and the temperature. [...] Like thermal underwear, ...


6

For certain purposes, the offset overhand bend is not just safe but safer than any known alternative. The alternative name "European death knot" is a joke referring to the fact that to the uninitiated, the knot looks like it wouldn't be secure. It's like the phrase "politically incorrect," which nobody today uses without irony. There is a common ...


6

The European Death Knot is commonly used for joining two ropes for an abseil. I would not say it is "not considered safe" - e.g. the British Mountaineering Council's website lists it as a possible abseil knot. Although not the strongest knot it has the advantage that it is small and less likely to snag on edges than larger knots or stronger symmetrical ...


5

Description of "Fjord" A fjord, also spelled fiord is a long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. The great depth of these submerged valleys, extending thousands of feet below sea level, is compatible only with a glacial origin. It is assumed that the enormous, thick glaciers that ...


5

According to this source its name arose initially in the US where unfamiliarity bred distrust, and because the occasional disaster, likely with the Flat Figure 8 version, caused both knots to be branded with the EDK (European Death Knot) name. Another source says its name is because this knot looked sketchy for americans when they european climbers using it....


5

Where I live (Outside US), Front-country is used to refer to facilities and activities that are close to roads and easily accessible. Short walks, nature trails etc 10 minutes up to a couple of hours, camps and visitor centres you can drive to are "Front Country". Front country is often wheel chair accessible, suitable for all fitness and age levels, ...


5

I have mostly commonly heard those two terms used together in skiing. Frontcountry is lift served skiing inside the resort boundaries verses backcountry skiing where you ski up the hill first before you ski down it. (i.e. the front of the mountain is where the lifts and trails are, the back is where they aren't. ) Frontcountry is a relatively new term ...


4

GearScout blog post on Down is coming from Arc’teryx provides some insight on Arc'Teryx usage of down in their products. According to them, Arc'Teryx did not have down products in their lineup prior 2013. Arc’teryx didn’t want to enter the down fray unless its design effort added a considerable performance benefit over what was already on the market. ...


4

According to this blog: http://blogs.militarytimes.com/gearscout/2013/01/21/down-is-coming-from-arcteryx/ it simply refers to Arc'teryx getting into the down game at all (previously having no down offerings). With respect to hydrophobic down, the entry states: Carl told us they considered using recently introduced water resistant down, but their ...


4

We used to call them 'wall sweepers' This is a wall that isn't climbed much. You can see in the video there are some fresh bolts that have been put in and few old ones. They are just using 'slings and carabiners' on their harnesses. They might have some cams or some nuts. I did not see any on them though. Only the slings and biners getting clipped into ...


4

Thanks to the help from this amazing guy at Reddit, I have got an answer for the question: Usually when you prepare a route for a first ascent you clean it, if it gets a decent amount of traffic then no further cleaning should be needed later on. But on alpine routes, long multi-pitches or big walls you should always be careful of loose rock: too ...


2

Riffle vs rapid: a riffle is slow moving over a generally shallow wide flat spot, but has significant turbulence (water moving in all sorts of directions) because of rocks and such. A rapid is fast moving, often deeper section of the river moving faster because it's flowing down a slope. A pool is a place where the water is deeper than the rest of the river,...


2

It's a combination, Scouting, Orienteering and Reconoiter. Scouting, because you have to find evidence of previous recent passage to find stamp stations. Orienteering, so you know which direction you are going and where on the map you are and have been and where you haven't yet been. Reconoiter, in general because you are exploring with a mission in mind ...



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