This question is specific to France, as different countries have different hunting cultures and regulations.

There have been a number of highly publicized accidents in France this year (1, 2, 3). While recognizing that the number of accidents is actually fairly low, it makes me wonder what I should do to minimize risk while out bird-watching in France. (I am not French and not yet familiar with the local situation.) I like to take photos of wildlife (mostly birds), sometimes while hiding in the bush, but I am not an experienced outdoorsman; I believe this puts me at higher risk than usual.

So what should I do to stay safe from hunters while out in nature in France? When and where am I most likely to encounter hunters? When are the hunting seasons and what type of hunting has the highest risk of accident (I naively assume that I might be safer from bird hunters than deer hunters). There are of course obvious common sense approaches, but the things I am most interested in deal with: 1. what is specific to France; 2. what someone completely unfamiliar with hunting might not find obvious.

  • 2
    France loves it's high-vis - it's actually not legal to drive over there without high-vis in the car in case of breakdown, so if you have that with you anyway, might help - though might not be perfect for bird watching...?
    – Aravona
    Commented Dec 23, 2015 at 15:23
  • @Aravona that's assuming you drive. France has a great network of public transportation as well.
    – njzk2
    Commented Dec 23, 2015 at 18:05
  • @njzk2 yes that maybe true, I was simply pointing out the requirement for high-vis in France.
    – Aravona
    Commented Dec 23, 2015 at 18:07
  • 2
    "I naively assume that I might be safer from bird hunters than deer hunters" - I think this is a fair assumption. Bird hunters typically fire birdshot into the air and this type of ammunition loses its energy relatively quickly (typically non-lethal at 100m) . However the bullet from a deer hunting cartridge can remain deadly at several kilometres. Only a highly unethical hunter would intentionally discharge a rifle with any risk of the bullet travelling beyond their visible range.
    – tomfumb
    Commented Dec 23, 2015 at 18:15
  • @Aravona Trying to make sure I understand you correctly: are you suggesting that it is illegal to operate a vehicle in France without possessing high visibility apparel (or devices)? As in, everyone driving in France has a reflective vest or equivalent in their vehicle with them?
    – Loduwijk
    Commented Nov 2, 2018 at 18:07

1 Answer 1



  1. Know the season
  2. Know when and where hunting is allowed
  3. Know the time hunters are most active
  4. Make some noise
  5. Most important: wear the right colours


Good question! Staying safe from hunters is rather the same thing in every country and doesn't apply to hiking or bird-watching only. However, I've added France related information whenever possible.

Basically the answer is mostly: inform yourself before going into the outdoors. You may contact this office for every information you need:

Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage

At: 85 bis avenue de Wagram, BP 236, 75822 Paris Cedex 17

Tel: 01 44 15 17 17 Fax: 01 47 63 79 13

Website (in French)

But let's get it a little bit more detailed:


1. Know the season

To get the running seasons and other appropriated dates you've to contact the préfecture because the seasons are managed at a regional level.

The white-tail season is the most dangerous one for hikers and so on since the most hunts are going on. So check especially these dates!

Hunting Seasons

Seasons are managed at a regional level to complement the ecological needs of the area and its animal and bird life: the dates of the opening and closing of hunting seasons depend on the département and the animal species.

While the season generally opens in September and runs until the end of February the opening is decided by the regional préfet (contact the local préfecture for dates).

From Angloinfo


2. Know when and where hunting is allowed

It's possible to avoid hunters altogether by choosing your hike wisely. Many parks, including most national park units, forbid hunting.

The national parks in France are "non hunting" areas but it can also be difficult to just got out there. It's often prohibited to take expanded hikes and so on. Check out this list of the national parks and get in touch with the appropriated administration of each for further information.


3. Know what time hunters are most active

Many factors, such as the lunar calendar, affect peak times of day for animal activity, and hence hunting. However, as a rule of thumb, these usually coincide with sunrise and sunset. It's best to avoid being in hunting areas during those times since you'll be less visible in the dim light. But if you must be out at those times, use a headlamp or flashlight and wear reflective material.

4. Make some noise

This section doesn't apply to every outdoor activity. It would be a little bit stupid to be loud as hell if you're fishing or bird-watching, wouldn't it? :) However, if you can do it, make some noise!

Talk with your companions, whistle, do your best Freddie Mercury impression. And if you hear shooting, the Washington Trails Association ((US)) advises shouting to notify hunters of your presence.


5. Most important: Wear the right colours

Blaze-orange-colored clothing is of course awesome to make you visible in the woods etc. But the most important thing about this topic is that hunters use these for safety reasons themselves and thus are generally really sensible for these kinds of colours!

Also note that this kind of clothing is also available for your dog!




Wearing a blaze-orange-colored vest, hat, or pack cover is one of the most important things you can do to stay visible to hunters. It's what hunters themselves wear for safety. If you don't have any of these (although you should if you're doing fall/winter hiking) make sure you wear bright colors and steer clear of earth tones. Avoid wearing white, though, because it resembles the rear of a white-tailed deer. The Appalachian Trail Conservancy ((US)) also advises not wearing red or blue during turkey season.

  • Reference: USA today - hiking during hunting season
  • Further reading: TGO question - Hiking in areas open for hunting

    The most important thing is to know what is being hunted so you can know how the hunters should be approaching their prey. (...) The vast majority of hunters are extremely safety conscious and will go out of their way to educate anyone who is curious about safety and sharing the outdoors.


    In your case, you probably don't really care if you are scaring off the game so wear vibrant colors, make a lot of noise and avoid heavy brush and areas with limited sight lines. Wide open areas with a clear view are safest. Noise is really your best tool since you also should be concerned about ricochet, misfires and target practice as well as intentionally placed shots where you happen to be directly behind the target.

Subjective conclusion

I also wanted to add my personal subjective opinion. We often think that hunters are kind of trigger-happy. However, they mostly know that they have a great (!) responsibility and normally only shoot if they are sure that they can provide the highest possible safety.

Read more about this topic in the "Principals of ethical hunting":

Respect the opinions of non-hunters

People who are unfamiliar with hunting practices may be intimidated by the presence of firearms, so be sympathetic to their concerns and, as much as possible, keep firearms out of sight.

Be considerate, be courteous and show the public that deer hunters are responsible and ethical recreationalists. Good hunting behaviour will reflect on people's opinions of all hunters. Rude, illegal and irresponsible actions can prejudice the community against all hunters.


Be aware of personal safety

Many hunters today wear camouflaged clothes, which makes them difficult to see. While concentrating on the hunt, there is a possibility that you could become lost or be mistaken for game by another hunter.

To ensure your safety and the safety of other hunters in the field, it is recommended that all deer hunters wear some form of bright coloured clothing or hat when hunting. Overseas studies have shown that deer cannot see colours such as blaze orange and the wearing of these colours will not affect your hunting success. Many hunters have taken deer in Victoria while wearing blaze orange clothing.

The wearing of some form of bright coloured clothing is also recommended when you are carrying a carcass out of the bush. This will ensure that other hunters do not mistake you for a deer.

"Go afield with a good attitude, with respect for the wildlife you hunt and for the forest and fields in which you walk. Immerse yourself in the outdoor experience. It will cleanse your soul and make you a better person."

By Fred Bear


  • 5
    Nice pictures, but some of them don't seem to have anything to do with your points. The one of Half Dome isn't anywhere near France, and I suspect a number of others aren't either. Commented Dec 24, 2015 at 22:30
  • @OlinLathrop I just wanted to make this "wall of text" a little bit less scary and thus easier to read. :)
    – OddDeer
    Commented Dec 25, 2015 at 8:34
  • Great answer (+1), but I would like to bring up an alternative opinion on 1 point: "People who are unfamiliar with hunting practices may be intimidated by the presence of firearms [...] keep firearms out of sight" That may be true, and it might sound polite at first thought, but one of reasons people are intimidated by them is because they have the false notion that people do not carry guns. Many don't realize they pass armed folk every day in blissful ignorance. Many (including me) believe hiding them supports this irrational fear of a person with a gun.
    – Loduwijk
    Commented Nov 2, 2018 at 18:17
  • 1
    @Aaron, I don't see anything irrational about it, someone without a gun can't shoot me.
    – Separatrix
    Commented Apr 12, 2019 at 7:43
  • @Separatrix But you do pass people with guns. If you live in the US and go about a normal life, you probably walk past a person with a gun every day, or maybe every week in areas with lower gun ownership. People are conceal-carrying around you all the time, and you only feel safer because you have the illusion that nobody is armed around you. Ex: I attended a certain group function multiple times before I learned that the majority of the group was conceal-carrying handguns (they were not a "gun group"; they all just happened to carry for protection, and I found out later).
    – Loduwijk
    Commented Apr 12, 2019 at 16:24

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