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Stealth Camping definition:

Stealth camping is the act of quietly finding a place away from people where you can camp for the night and then quickly slip away in the morning without being detected. The key to stealth camping is to remain hidden at all times and to leave no trace of your existence during or after your departure from the site.

I have been starting to plan a cross Canada bike tour. I was wondering if anyone has experience with stealth camping. Any tips or pointers? Things to keep in mind?

(I know that the rules/regulations will be different in different countries/provinces/states.)

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    In Texas, I believe being on someone's property without permission puts them well within their rights to shoot you. (And Texans already don't much care for men who wear spandex.) <-- Note, this second bit is not just stereotyping, I grew up in Texas, and have bike toured / "stealth-camped" there.
    – Lost
    Feb 13 '12 at 5:54
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    I hesitate to answer this because it sounds a lot like you're looking for advice on how to trespass on someone's land and get away with it. Feb 13 '12 at 14:13
  • @Russell: But if you're not detected and leaving no trace, what's the harm? Jun 30 '12 at 19:39
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    @DougKavendek -- The examples go on and on. The effect of a society allowing private property rights is that they are private. If you want to argue that private property should not exist, that's fine a fine political discussion (for another board), but currently private property rights do exist and violating those does create potential for harm to yourself, other, and the environment. You choose to violate them at risk to yourself and against the agreed upon societal rule concerning property. Jul 1 '12 at 20:34
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    Good points. Hunting is definitely important to consider, and tromping over crops or experiments or preservations is certainly wrong. It seems like some property owners can get a bit overzealous with slicing up chunks of nature for what appears to be no reason other than laying their claim to it, but I can't claim to know everyone's intentions, and either way that's definitely a discussion for elsewhere. Jul 1 '12 at 23:13
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Some things to remember when stealth camping:

  • Never camp or enter property marked with Private or No Trespassing.
  • Never camp behind a gate or fence - you could get locked in. Depending on the location, it could be a while before someone comes along to let you out.
  • Camoflauge yourself. Cover your bike reflectors and other reflective surfaces. Cover your tent with leaves and branches if it is not green or brown or another color that blends easily with the surrounding environment.
  • Take precautions against bears, mountain lions, and other predators, where applicable.
  • Don't camp in a low spot or a dry creek/riverbed, flash floods can happen very quickly.
  • Clean up after yourself. Follow the principles of Leave No Trace (LNT). I.E. pack out your trash, leave things as you found it, etc.

Read more at: The Secrets of Stealth Camping - Bicycle Touring Pro.

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    In addition to adding camouflage it is preferable to have gear that easily blends in if you're planning to do this. For example your big orange Mountain Hardware tent probably isn't the tent you want to take on this trip.
    – Erik
    Sep 21 '16 at 20:21
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I'm afraid studiohack's advices are too cautious to be useful in practice. For example in Spain or Austria, almost every piece of land is private and/or behind fence, so you'd have to sleep on the track then.

My personal experience (mostly from Europe; please follow here) is that it's not so hot. If you don't provoke the land owners, they are mostly very pleasant and they don't mind; sometimes they even bring food or invite you to their cottage. Sometimes it is better to ask the land owner, sometimes it is better not to ask and find your hidden camping spot after it gets dark. Sometimes you simply have to sleep in prohibited/fenced area. In Spain we slept several times behind fence on the pasture with cows/sheeps (be careful with spanish cows and bulls though...). There are fences everywhere, but mostly just to keep the livestock from going to the road. Many owners do not mind if you open the gate, go inside and CLOSE IT - in fact, in many villages, local people do it quite often when they go out for a walk. In other areas, owners might be more sensitive. Depends from place to place, from country to country - it is a good idea to ask locals (but ask in general, don't give any clues to where you will sleep). Even in countries with quite strict rules like Austria I didn't have problems with my approach - once I have to sleep under the sign "Kampieren verboten", once I slept on the land of a police man, who caught me early morning (when he went fishing) - he threatened me a little with taking me to a police station, but again, I was kind and explained him my situation (in Deutsch, he spoke no English), he saw I'm a good guy and just told me to get out :) If encounter like this happens, be kind to people, tell them about your problem and I think in vast majority of cases it will be OK.

I'm not telling you this is 100% safe and you cannot run into problems, but what I say - I practice this for years and I haven't met any serious problem. On the opposite, I have many beautiful stories. Yes, it is an adventure, but that's why we are doing it, right?

P.S.: If there is any danger, then it is danger of being robbed when sleeping in cities and their close proximity. Avoid that; this is not an adventure you'd want.

P.S.: so your things to keep in mind:

  • try to figure out some general information from local people - e.g. how land owners are sensitive when people enter their lands etc.
  • estimate the situation - is it better to ask the land owner or to hide from him?
  • find your camping place when it get's dark, be cryptic, use cryptic clothes/bags/tent, avoid reflexive craps
  • get up early morning, leaving no rubbish
  • if encounter happens, explain your situation (try to use local language), be kind.
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    I must add that the experience might differ between U.S./Europe, in US the land owners may be more paranoid? don't know. My advices are based on experience in Europe/Morocco.
    – Tomas
    Feb 19 '12 at 17:06
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Before I saw this question, I had no idea the term stealth camping existed, but I have definitely done it a number of times, just backpacking, with a bike, and with a car. Yes, it's possible to do stealth car camping.

I live in the US and most of my experiences have been in New England (where I live) and Arizona (which I visit every summer). New England and Arizona are quite different in what you are allowed to do and what people care you do. Regardless of all that, one thing I never do is camp on private property that is clearly marked to indicate the owner doesn't want you there. The owner has the right to make the call whether they want to allow others to enter their property, and I respect that. However, I take a somewhat different view with public property. I suppose that's just as wrong, but it feels different to me. I'm willing to sneak onto public property where I know I'm not really hurting anything or taking something away from others.

If you think you probably wouldn't be allowed to camp if you asked, it's a good idea to wait until dusk. One time I was on a multi-day bike tour and found myself a little north of Milford NH as it was starting to get dark. There was no public land around I could see. I found a patch of woods that was big enough to conceal me. I stood next to my bike by the side of the road making like I was drinking water until there were no cars coming by and snuck into the woods. I went in maybe 200 feet and set up my tent. It's a really small low to the ground brown tent just big enough for me to lie down in. There was no way anyone could see me from the road. I went to sleep and thought all was well.

In the middle of the night I heard people talking and walking thru the brush. I was suprised by that. It was the only time stealth camping I ever ran into anyone in the middle of the night that closely. They couldn't have possibly seen me, so had to be there for some other reason. It wasn't supposed to be hunting season, but I think that's what they were doing. Or more accurately, they were trying to poach, probably deer. I think they saw my tent or my bike and took off. I kept still just in case anyway. Apparently they were more worried about being found than I was. The next morning I got outta there as soon as it was light.

In New England, land is more managed and controlled than in other parts of the country. The rules in the White Mountain National Forest are pretty strict about where you can camp. I really hate public campgrounds because you always seem to get stuck between a crying kid on one side and a bunch of beer bellied yahoos on the other being rowdy until 2:00am. No thanks. The WMNF does have a few places that are undeveloped sites where you can just pull in and camp for the night for no charge. Of course there are no commodities, but that's fine with me. I'm just looking for a place to plunk a tent for the night.

Unfortunately, the legal free sites are scarce and usually fill up on Friday and Saturday nights. This is where you do stealth car camping. Find a trailhead parking lot to leave the car. The trick is to go in some other direction than the trail to plunk the tent. In the WMNF it is not unusual at all for a car to be parked overnight at a trailhead, so that draws no particular attention. But, you don't want to be caught with the tent where it's not supposed to be. However, nobody looks anywhere but along the trail, and they aren't really looking for illegal campers anyway. Going accross the road from the trailhead is usually the best, since nobody has any reason to be there.

In Arizona stealth camping is mostly pointless since there is so much public land and it's perfectly legal to plunk a tent as long as it's not in the middle of a road. I was used to the east, and the first time I went to a ranger station in the Apache National Forest to ask where I'm allowed to camp, it took them a while to comprehend the question because it was so foreign to them. Generally they don't want you driving off the road (although there are large areas where that is legal too), but otherwise if you're just going to plunk a tent they don't care.

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I've recently been watching a fantastic Youtube channel by Steve Wallis that goes in great depth on stealth camping. In particular, Steve shows you how to stealth camp in:

To avoid a link-only answer, here's what Steve generally recommends:

  1. If possible, avoid looking like you've got a lot of gear. I.e. if you're only camping for one night, you can even look like a local businessman
  2. Only stray from the normal road/hiking path when no one is watching
  3. Never use tents in bright colors
  4. Always go back to the trail/road after setting up camp to make sure your tent/hammock is inconspicuous
  5. Use as little artificial light as possible
  6. If you can't setup camp far enough from the trail, hang a camouflage tarp to obscure your location
  7. Never leave any trace or anything behind you to avoid a clampdown on future stealth camping
  8. Never start fires
  9. Be ready to pack at a moments notice and leave, if spotted
  10. Leave at sunrise to minimize the odds of someone stumbling upon your setup

There's many more videos in his channel, including non-stealthy camping. There's no advertising, no cringe titles, no conflict with authorities, just wholesome camping without leaving a trace.

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Stealth, wild camping is an art and a good skill. I love doing it. But generally it is good to find a good spot before dark, don't be seen by nobody, away from paths(not too far, just that if someone goes there won't see you), away from hunters lodges somewhere hidden with good terrain. That makes a good sleep, just be quiet and unseen like you weren't there and leave in the morning.

In the mountains could be problematic to find flat hidden forested areas, so it is better to find spot earlier and then pitch a tent. Good terrain in dense forest is the best, but I also use abandoned forestry roads, where nobody hasn't walked for a long time(you see the vegetation). The terrain there is much flatter and easy to pitch a tent. Usually hunters are lazy and don't roam forests at night, they just sit in the cabin or some open spot with a lot of grassland. That is why don't use lights at night and pitch it in dense forest and you get best sleep, nobody knows you are there. Also it is good to pitch it a away from houses, farms, because forestry workers could wake you up in the morning, just use some common sense, will anybody be working there or not? If not ok.

It is good to talk a little at dusk or the first hour of night. One time I pitched a tent in the middle of the forest and animals were so loud around the tent. One animal panicked and was making squeaking noises so annoying and walking constantly around the tent. Then I used a light and the animal went away, but then returned again. I started to whistle to counter the animal and then the animal got upset. The animal charged my tent and when it hit the outer wall the animal stopped. That was a bad night with bad sleep, the animal again returned in the morning and started with that annoying squeaking sounds and then again retreated. Some animals are so territorial and when there is somebody on their territory they get loud and upset.

I learned that night that animals usually don't know there is a person inside a tent. It is good not to scare or provoke them. For that reason it is good to speak a little with normal voice so animals know you are there - that you are human and then they will leave you alone for the rest of the night and of course use ear plugs. But let then know you are there by speaking a little. If you are in a bear country don't provoke/ fuck with the bear. You don't want bear to feel threatened and starts charging towards you. Talk a little in a quiet human voice and then animals know you are there and will leave you alone.

I had some nightmares about the bears when wild camping, that ones are not good, but they are rare. On my last longer trail I wild camped 14 days in a row. The more you do it the easier it gets. I wild camped near cows pastures, near houses, or roads, on hiking trails, in the middle of pasture, I sill need to wild camp above 2500 m, but it is too visible to the helicopters of mountain rescue team. I prefer to stay hidden. It is better idea to camp lower where the temperatures are higher.

It is not good to camp it the open spots if there is a lot of wind. Wind against your tent all night makes a terrible sleep even if you use ear plugs. So pitch it somewhere with natural protection against wind.

If there is a danger of summer lightning storms pitch it somewhere not too high up, not on exposed ground but it is better lower with more large trees around it.

I am also for camping under trees because you get less condensation. The tent has to be properly placed, tightened so there is enough air flowing in and out - that prevents condensation.

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