See The New York Times, Nov 5, 1991, After a Plane Crash, 30 Deadly Hours in the Arctic.
The four-engine turbo-prop aircraft with a wingspan of nearly 150 feet
-- a jack-of-all-trades plane widely used by the Canadian and United States military to haul cargo and troops -- was on its final approach
to the Alert airstrip [400 miles from the North Pole] when it slammed
into the eerie Arctic wasteland and broke up.
There were only 2 hours of pale light in the morning, and the weather was not good. The crash was only 12 miles from the settlement of Alert.
While most of the 18 aboard the plane suffered cuts and burns and
broken bones, all were alive immediately after the crash. But in the
30 hours that it took for the first squad of military paramedics to
arrive, five people, including the pilot, Capt. John Couch, a
32-year-old father of two, had frozen to death. The airlift of the
survivors did not begin until 40 hours after the crash.
The plane carried extensive arctic survival gear, but much of it was lost in the crash and subsequent fire.
Eleven of the 13 survivors lay in sleeping bags inside the tail
section, huddled together for warmth, eating candies from survival
rations and answering periodic roll calls. Two were left outside,
covered by makeshift pup tents, because it was thought they had spinal
injuries and could not be moved.
The first rescue team had to parachute from only 700 feet into a driving wind to reach the survivors, because the overland team faced so many difficulties from the terrain.
The article has much more detail, and possibly rescue techniques have improved in 25 years, but remember this was a fully equipped military aircraft that crashed only 12 miles from its destination.
Limitations of this answer:
(1) it is one anecdote
(2) the crash happened in November. The ending would probably have been happier for a June or July crash.
(3) But not necessarily happier, if the crash was into the increasingly summer-ice-free sea
(4) Although not explicitly stated, the passengers were likely young and fit and accustomed to discipline, not the profile of commercial passengers
(5) Where were the polar bears?
(Bottom line: Pack fleece and power bars in your carryon.)