Does anybody have a recommendation to a good book about how to survive in the Norwegian woods and similar?
Check out the SAS Survival Handbook. It's clear, concise, to the point, and contains a lot of good survival information.
Cody Lundin's 98.6 Degrees: The Art of Keeping Your Ass Alive! is a good introduction. It deals more with the psychological and physiological issues of survival than specific techniques.
This book, How to stay alive in the Woods, is an older book but contains lots of valuable information on how to keep from getting hungry, and other useful things, while away from civilization.
As chd mentioned 98.6 Degrees is an excellent book. It is mainly focused on practical things you can do to survive and like chd on the physiological aspect of it.
If you are looking to read about the psychology of survival and the mental attitude that promotes it I highly recommend Deep Survival: Who Lives, Who Dies, and Why.
And of course, as always Freedom of the Hills (aka The Bible) has an entire part dedicated to "Emergency Prevention and Response" with chapters on Leadership, Safety, First Aid, and Alpine Search and Rescue.
If you are serious about learning about survival, I also highly suggest taking some first aid courses offered by organizations like SOLO. There are Wilderness First Aid, Wilderness First Responder, and Wilderness EMT certification levels with 2, 7, and 20 day courses, respectively.
I really liked this book, mainly because it's on real experiment, but it's in French:
It's base on two person who decided to test their ability to survive for 30 days with almost nothing.
I like Les Stroud's(survivorman) book called "Survive!". Just like in his tv show, he outlines survival in all different climates and locales. It's very specific and sounds like something that would interest you. There's a great(and short) list of survival books here. Another of my favorites is "Wildwood Wisdom" which isn't locale specific but focuses on fundamental survival skills - those which I would call "evergreen". Good luck!
Accurate, concise, to the point.