Backpacking sleeping pads come in two basic types, foam and air, with some of the air pads being self-inflating.

What are the pros and cons of each and how would one decide which type to get?

  • 3
    Keep the cats away from anything inflatable outdoors.stackexchange.com/questions/15318/…
    – Martin F
    Commented Feb 26, 2017 at 20:20
  • 1
    When backpacking in extreme colds you carry both. Everyone on Everest sleeps on an insulated air-mattress on top of a foam pad.
    – ShemSeger
    Commented Feb 27, 2017 at 2:49
  • 2
    You might also consider neither, which is also an option. Commented Feb 27, 2017 at 7:34

6 Answers 6


Pads have several measurable characteristics that may be important for you when you make a decision:

  • Weight. How much you carry is important if you actually carry it. Weights ranges from ~250g to several kilos. Don't forget to consider the repair kit if needed, the pump if you take one, ...
  • Dimension folded. If you carry it outside your pack make sure it doesn't affect balance. If you carry it inside, look at how much room you need
  • R-value (insulation). Look at the temperatures you'll encounter to get a good minimal value for this one.
  • Sleeping dimensions. Most notably the thickness will be a good indication of comfort. Width are usually 50cm or 62.5cm. Length vary between model, but usually you'll find 120cm, 160cm, 180cm, and 200cm. Some people don't need a full length pad.
  • Price. Ranges from 5$ to 300$ and possibly more.

Then the biggest difference is that air pads can be pierced, which may require a repair kit and knowing how to use it and being in conditions where you can use it. (Not sure the glue works in temperatures of -20)

So look at what you need in terms of all those characteristics (Typically, start with the R-value because that's one thing you cannot really compromise much on), then compare the pads that would work for you, and pick the right one

  • 3
    There is also the sound aspect. Some of the high R-value, inflatable pads are crazy noisy. There is also the slippery factor. I find many of the inflatable pads to be slippery to sleep on.
    – StrongBad
    Commented Feb 26, 2017 at 19:37
  • @StrongBad yes. Those are hard to measure until you actually go to the shop and try them.
    – njzk2
    Commented Feb 26, 2017 at 20:05
  • I think the noise stems from the metallic-like material found inside some air pads, for reflecting back some of the sleeper's warmth.
    – Martin F
    Commented Feb 26, 2017 at 20:26

Air Mattress


  • Comfortable (Come in many varying thicknesses.)
  • Warm (Some air mattresses are down-filled.)
  • Compact (I have one air mattress that can pack down to fit inside a pop can.)
  • Lighter (Not necessarily true for all air mattresses.)


  • More Expensive
  • More Maintenance (Can easily be punctured.)
  • Some experience required (How firm do you make it for it to be most comfortable? How do you get your bag to not slide off it? What's the best way to get the air out of it? Best way to pack it? What do you mean I have frost in my mattress now because I blew into it to inflate it?)

Foam pad:


  • Cheaper

  • More Durable

  • Simple


  • Cheaper (It's not long until they're riddled with puncture holes from crampons, rocks and sticks, or covered with stains from the sap and dirt, or have chunks taken out of them from getting snagged on stuff on the trail, getting stepped on, chewed on, etc.)

  • Less Comfortable (Less cushion, more firm, less soft.)

  • Less Warm (Thinner means less insulation.)

  • Bulky (Can only really be packed on outside of backpack.)

Multiple Mattress Systems

The best sleep system is a combination of both a foam pad and an air-mattress. The foam pad protects the air-mattress from the ground, moisture, and provides extra insulation, as well as a bit of firmness when you roll onto your side and you shoulder or hip fully compress your air mattress. It stops your air mattress from sliding around on your tent floor, and gives you something to kneel on when packing everything else up inside your tent.

The con to this system is of course extra weight, it's up to each individual to determine what they need to sleep comfortably, different styles of mattress and different combinations of sleep systems will suit different people.

  • 2
    My foam pad packs on the inside of my VaporTrail, forming a stiff wall for the pack. All the pack's contents fit inside the pad. The bulk isn't very noticeable packed that way. Commented Feb 27, 2017 at 22:21
  • @DonBranson That's one way to do it. Won't work for all bags though, some bags don't have a single compartment big enough. Then you have the ultralights who want to go with as small a bag as possible. For people with big deep bags though, your way would work just fine.
    – ShemSeger
    Commented Feb 28, 2017 at 0:23
  • True enough. I do it this way for ultralighting. My bag is just one big pocket. Commented Feb 28, 2017 at 2:27

Foam pad(s) for me!

Because: inexpensive, different types can be combined, always ready, waterproof, lightweight.

After years of trying just gave up on inflatables (or should we call them puncturables?). No matter how careful I was, they puncture, somehow. And the price! And yes, if you are trekking Everest (again, not) you will need both types ;)

Now when I travel I purchase pads in-country and leave them behind for others.


I used a three quarter length foam pad -- just the basic $20 (or so) Ensolite pad -- for decades until, growing older and more effete, I thought an inflatable pad, aka air mattress, would be more comfortable.


The inflatable air mattress -- more than $100 -- was no more comfortable, but was a PIA to deflate and inflate every time we moved camp. And, as @StrongBad mentioned in his comment, it was slippery: (a) I slipped on it, and (b) it slipped on the ground cloth. (Weather good -- no tent.) As a result of (b) it was punctured before the end of a 10-day trip. Moreover, even when we didn't move camp, we had to deflate the #$@& thing, because it could not be simply rolled up and tied to the pack as could a foam pad. Although this would not have been a nuisance if we had erected the tent, we didn't and it was.

In summary, although the inflatable air mattress might have been a bit lighter than the foam pad (I really don't know), it was an object that had to be pampered, and offered no extra comfort.

The point about comfort is highly subjective. If you are uncomfortable with the basic foam pad, an air mattress may be worth the hassle and expense.


Fully inflatable mattresses don't provide a great deal of insulation from the ground and tend to be fairly heavy plus they take a bit of effort to inflate and deflate which can become a nuisance if you are moving camp every day, especially in bad weather.

A closed cell foam pad is inexpensive, rugged and provides good insulation for light weight. Their main downsides are that they don't compress much and are rather bulky and take up a significant amount of space. Also being fairly thin and firm they don't do much for comfort on hard or lumpy surfaces.

The self inflating mats are a lot more compact than closed cell ones for a similar levels of performance while still being fairly easy to set up. They also tend to be a bit softer and thicker for the same weight and so may feel more comfortable, plus you can get extra thick ones, albeit with a corresponding increase in weight and bulk. Like fully inflatable ones they can be punctured.

Overall inflatable air mattresses aren't that well suited to backpacking. The choice between self-inflating and closed cell option really comes down to a compromise between price, durability and pack size which ultimately depends on your own personal priorities and the conditions you expect to encounter.

If you are unsure then a a basic closed cell foam mat is a pretty safe bet

  • 1
    Chris - you're a few decades out of date with inflatable air mattresses, I think. The top end models these days have sophisticated insulation and are very lightweight for the R value they can offer. The main downside is price, but if you can afford them they offer superior insulation, comfort and pack-size compared to the alternatives. They are a little less robust than the self-inflating mats but last well enough with reasonable care. For car camping they are overkill, but they are the preferred choice of almost all serious lightweight trekkers. Commented Mar 9, 2017 at 0:52

You might also consider a Z-Rest, which greatly improves on the warmth of a foam mat. It also solves the problem of condensation under your mat, which afflicts both air and foam mats, by the "egg-crate" design allowing some airflow under the mat. Like other foam mats though, it is still bulky.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.