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In August of 2015, my husband and I were out for a walk at the Wachusett Reservoir, in Central Massachusetts. It was the same walk, including day and time, as in this question.

We stopped at the water's edge. It's the same water I referenced in this question, although the reservoir is large, and we were quite a distance from that spot.

A lovely delicate-looking creature flew in and landed gently on the top of a broken twig of marsh grass, only a few inches from where we were standing. It had a narrow, stick-like orange and white body; a red head with large black eyes (which for some reason came out white in the photograph); four lacy orange/red wings edged in white; and very thin long gray legs. We stayed very still and it remained resting there for at least five minutes. Then another landed nearby and "ours" flew towards it, and they took off together.

From past experience, I assumed it was a dragonfly. However, for the first time, I recently heard of something called a damselfly. I thought that meant a female dragonfly, mostly because a damsel is a female. (According to Oxford and other dictionaries, a damsel is technically "a young unmarried woman" but that has no bearing on this question!) However, I've been told by a friend that, although they're in the same family, they're two different entities with similar, but unique, characteristics and behavior.

The first picture is the original taken by my husband. The others are the same picture, just cropped and zoomed in, so you can see more details, like the fur. As I said above, the white eyes in the picture were actually black. Unfortunately, we didn't get a side view, and you can only see the end of one wing, but I'm hoping there's enough to make a correct identification.

Is this a dragonfly or a damselfly? How can I tell? (Of course it's possible that it's neither, but I don't think that's the case.)

Original A bit closer Much closer

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    magnificent beast – ldgorman Jul 10 '17 at 8:26
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    mnn.com/earth-matters/animals/blogs/… :) – Aravona Jul 10 '17 at 13:02
  • @Aravona well, I could not extend my answer with knowledge that I did not have at that point :) Also, I was told that the body characteristics can mislead you, as there big damselflies and small dragonflies. Their wing position is the only consistent way to tell them apart, even as a rookie like myself, and even from far away. Other ways went beyond my skill and knowledge, and I can't provide them in an answer in good faith - I would not be able to provide informations if there were further questions on this topic. However, I would be happy to provide your Link as well :) – Peter1807 Jul 11 '17 at 6:39
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    @Peter1807 you certainly can extend your answer at any point! That's how this site works! :) – Aravona Jul 11 '17 at 7:23
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This is a dragonfly.

Damselflies place their wings alongside their body when resting. Dragonflies can not do this, once they had their first flight after hatching.

So when you see their wings pointing to their back, it's a damselfly or maybe a freshly hatched dragonfly (in these cases you can tell the difference by the cocoon, or just wait to see the wing position)

enter image description here source

If the wings point to the side, it is a dragonfly.

enter image description here

For further reading:

This Link provided by Aravona in a comment above contains additional information on how dragonflies and damselflies can be told apart.

  • This is good but there are other ways to tell as well which could be useful to add! :) – Aravona Jul 10 '17 at 13:03
  • I would have to research the topic myself. I always used this "rule" to determine them from each other, which is easy, even from further way. Feel free to add valuable information, or provide a better, more in depth answer. I would love to learn myself :) – Peter1807 Jul 10 '17 at 13:12
  • Not an area of expertise for me but the link I posted as a comment is a decent read. – Aravona Jul 10 '17 at 13:14

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