I'm a bit late, but hope I can add something to the excellent answers you've already received.
I agree with the general concensus that it's probably a young grey partridge (Perdix Perdix). The adult would generally have brighter colors. I've never had one, so I can't speak from experience, but since you're interested in taking care of it, I can give you some information I found online.
This partridge is a ground hopper. They don't fly very high or very often. They almost never migrate, so yours is probably not too far from where it was born. They're usually in small family groups, so it may have become separated from its group and is wandering around the neighborhood looking for them. Your concern about the road is definitely valid. It has made it to your yard more than once, but may not be as lucky every time.
In the past the main reason for raising pheasants was for food or sport-hunting, but since their numbers have declined dramatically over the last few decades, many farmers are now attempting to create optimal conditions to increase the population. In some parts of the UK, these controlled farms are the only places this bird is thriving. Therefore, I'd continue checking with your local farmers to see if they're missing one. Local feed stores can also tell you if anyone has reported strays.
If you want to keep it, even for a while, here are some basics. (Much of this is overkill for a quick stay at your hotel, but it's interesting so I decided to include it!)
You've been given excellent advice, including from Tom Gaskill, who has first hand experience raising this family of birds, so I'd trust that!
Seeds and seed mixes are required all year round, but not as their sole diet.
For young birds, insects can be up to 90% of their diet. Their preferences include caterpillars, beetles, bugs, ants and aphids. They gradually need fewer protein sources, and by the time they're adults, animal foods only make up about 10% of their diet.
Adult grey partridges seek places where they can find lots of seed food throughout the year. During the spring and early summer, partridges feed mainly on green leafy material, including dandelions, small grains and assorted grasses. In the summer and fall, weed seeds of plants including foxtail, wild buckwheat and linotweed are abundant sources of food.
Cultivated grains, such as wheat, corn, oats and barley are another essential food source: such grains can account for over one-third of the bird’s summer diet and become increasingly important through the winter In many areas of the partridge’s range, field stubble and waste grains (especially corn) constitute nearly all of its winter food supply. (Source.)
They nest and sleep in the ground, so mimicking those conditions is the best idea.
Grey partridges nest on the ground in hedge bottoms, grass margins, beetle banks, cereals, game cover and nettle beds. Dead tussocky grass (additional source added by me), left over from the previous year, is particularly attractive as nesting cover.
It sounds like you already have much of what he needs right in your yard. Anything you can use from your garden or trees will work. Tall grasses, short grasses, tree leaves, piles of soft brush and lightweight branches are all good. Soft-type hay is okay too.
I know you only mentioned wanting to keep him comfy for a while on the porch, but in case you're interested in doing more, there are lots of good articles about how to create a year-round home for your new friend. Since you already have trees and a garden, you might not need to change a lot. Depending on your yard, the following might be too much, but a scaled-down version would certainly work.
You can provide seed food throughout the winter at a low cost with wild bird cover. Establish a seed-rich crop in the spring and maintain it for two years. Kale and quinoa are particularly useful components in the mix.
You can also establish brood-rearing cover in the autumn. Use a mix of a cereal and a brassica, such as mustard or linseed, and up to 5 per cent red clover to attract insects.
Establishing this adjacent to a tussocky grass margin creates an insect-rich chick feeding area.
Conservation: (I'm adding this because you said you like him, and because I like him!)
The grey partridge is "Globally Threatened" and has had a "Severe Decline" in its appearance in the UK over the last few decades. As I mentioned earlier, the primary problem is destruction of their habitat, so they have less to eat and fewer good nesting places. This is happening for many reasons.
The Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) is working with the British Government to create ways to bring back the grey partridge population.
I encourage you to check out their long term monitoring project called the Partridge Count Scheme. They use information from all available sources to try and help in the fight, and ask anyone to please report sightings, including you! Even your one little bird visit will make a difference for the future of these guys.