There are foam sleeping pads with a reflective surface on one side like this one

enter image description here

with instructions to use the reflective side for maximum warmth.

I don't doubt that it is warmer, but I do wonder by how much especially since I used both sides of one this summer and couldn't really tell the difference (it would be hard to tell since the temperature varies from night to night).

  • References: IOPscience.org. Hill.T et al., Investigating Comfort Temperatures and Heat Transfer in Sleeping Bags Physics Education. 52 (2017) 045003. Hill.T, Physics for the camper. Heat Transfer in Sleeping Bags and Sleeping Mats. Physics Education. 54 (2019) 045010.
    – Trev Hill
    Oct 6, 2020 at 14:07

4 Answers 4


This is an unsourced quote, I'm afraid, but perhaps relevant.

Reflective foil is very effective, reducing radiated heat loss by 97%. That's almost all of the 5% we lose by radiation.

In other words, IR reflection is useful only when you've almost eliminated conductive and convective heat loss.


As you probably know, there is an industry standard for measuring the thermal effectiveness of sleeping pads known as the R-Value. It's not the most realistic of tests, but it's better than nothing. Individuals vary widely, so there's no real substitute for field-testing.

It's generally accepted that 1.5 is the lowest meaningful R-Value - anything less and you are effectively sleeping on the ground. For most sleepers a value of 3 should suffice for 2-3 seasons, while 5+ is generally recommended for hard frosts.

The RidgeRest range illustrated in your question ranges from 2.6 - 3.5. So they should all be fine for summer use, and the warmest version should also work for the elbow seasons if you're not a cold sleeper. They are popular with younger and/or hard-core trekkers because they are virtually indestructible compared to an air-mat, but at some considerable cost in terms of comfort and packability.

When it comes to perceived warmth there are a wide range of variables at work. And most of the effectiveness of the mat will be due to the closed cells in the foam - the reflective surface is probably pretty marginal. So it's unlikely you would notice much difference if you slept on the "wrong" side unless you were right at the lower end of the specified temperature range.

  • 5
    Can you please specify the units for your R value? m²*K/(W*in)? ft²*°F*h/(BTU*in)? m*K/W? Or are you using an integrated quantity? Units m²*K/W, ft²*°F*h/BTU, or m²*K/W? For an international audience it may be optimal to specify it in all three (metric, US Customary, and this strange mixture).
    – gerrit
    Aug 26, 2017 at 19:42
  • 1
    Doesn't the reflective coating deal with radiant heat loss as opposed to conductive heat loss (or something like that)?
    – StrongBad
    Aug 28, 2017 at 0:59
  • R value is an industry standard, though in practice it is pretty meaningless
    – user2766
    Aug 29, 2017 at 12:20
  • 1
    I do agree @Tullochgorum. Like I said R value is industry standard so it's as good as your going to get
    – user2766
    Aug 29, 2017 at 14:02
  • 2
    There is some very useful information here. But all of it completely ignores the actual question- the difference between sleeping shiny side up versus shiny side down.
    – cobaltduck
    Aug 30, 2017 at 14:06

I'm gonna go with "not much".

I found this article,

Reflection Measurements in IR Spectroscopy

And in it, I recognize many English words, but they did not seem to be arranged in a coherent fashion that I could well understand. Maybe you have more luck or skill than I. It seems written for an audience, a party to which I was not invited.

What I can distill from it is this:

Heat can be reflected (back), transmitted (through), or absorbed (kept, and not reflected or transmitted). I suspect that heat will be split all 3 ways (some being reflected, some being transmitted, and some being absorbed), and, the material which allows more heat to be reflected more than it is transmitted or absorbed will be more effective for this particular purpose.

The article also states that reflection takes place at the surface. My guess is, a foam padding painted with aluminum reflective paint or such coating will effectively reflect, but probably not with someone sleeping on it, which will disrupt the reflection. Because the surface is distorted when slept upon, the foam material is the next line of defense against transmittal of heat, and all we can do is hope for as much absorption as possible.

My guess, then, the thinner the foam, the less absorption and greater transmittal occurs, and that factor can be determined by the material's ability to compress, and, the weight of the person sleeping on it. A child, for example, might find it warmer than an adult might, because there is less deformity of the surface, and, when compressed, is less so than when an adult sleeps on it.


In terms of heat loss, they are marginal at best. However....

I had aluminum coated emergency tarp -- silver on one side, bright orange on the other. I found that sleeping under the stars that the aluminum surface would not collect dew. I didn't understand this until high school physics. Somethat that is a good reflector is also a low emitter. The aluminum surface was a poor emitter, the orange surface a reasonable absorber. So the surface of the aluminum was the ground temperature from earlier in the day.

The consequence was that my sleeping bag wasn't wet from dew underneath.

I've wondered if you could make a sleeping bag with a low emissivity.

  • I'm pretty sure that 20 years ago I bought a sleeping bag with some sort of foil layer (perhaps something similar to reflective coating on some tents, but on the inside of the outer skin? I never opened it up to look...) Sep 6, 2017 at 15:49
  • Wouldn't help in this way. The outer surface would radiate, get cold, faster than heat leaked through the bag, and would condense. Given that a bag insulates far better than dirt, I don't know if leaking heat would maintain the low e surface above dew point. Sep 6, 2017 at 18:42

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