All white tigers live in zoos. The last white tiger living in the wild was shot in 1958. (This breaks my heart.)
From a-z animals:
White Tiger Classification and Evolution The White Tiger (also known
as the White Bengal Tiger) is a subspecies of Tiger, found throughout
the Indian subcontinent. Although the range of the White Tiger is
historically very large, these animals are incredibly rare as their
colouration is dependent on a defective, recessive gene that is passed
on from their parents.
A fellow cat-lover sent me an e-mail nearly two months ago about a "pale tiger" that had just been photographed in the wild.
From The Guardian:
Animal spotted by photographer in jungles of southern India may be the
fairest known tiger living outside captivity.
Pale tigers, distinct from white tigers, are thought to have a genetic
mutation that results in what biologists call colour morphism. It
occurs in environments with large, random mating pools that allow for
the varied exchange of genes.
Parvish Pandya, a doctor of zoology, said the birth of a tiger with
pale fur was “quite a genetic chance”. He ruled out the possibility
the tiger was albino, citing the lack of pinkish hue around its eyes.
Wright, who has spent decades in India tracking tigers, said she
recalled only ever seeing one before, in the Ranthambore national park
in Rajasthan in the 1980s. “But it wasn’t nearly as pale as this one,”
The last white tiger in the wild was shot in 1958, and though some
still live in public and private zoos, many suffer severe health
problems due to a lack of genetic mixing.
Wright said the absence of white tiger genes in the wild meant the
pale tiger in Tamil Nadu could be the fairest known tiger living