Paragliding is the recreational and competitive adventure sport of flying paragliders: lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure. The pilot sits in a harness suspended below a fabric wing. Source.

Impetus for the Question:

Some years ago, a young and colorful colleague of mine described a paragliding adventure in Colorado in which he went too high, passed out, and inadvertently landed in a tall tree. He was stuck in the tree for 18 hours before he extricated himself, unscathed. Why 18 hours, and exactly how he got down, I don't remember. It is also possible that he enhanced his story a bit.

The Question:

What skills should one learn and practice on the ground or close to the ground before taking off? Tree down-climbing? Navigation? Recognizing when one has exceeded safe altitude? Other? What does one do to prepare the right muscles for the physical exertion peculiar to this sport? Are there courses which teach all this, and, if so, how long does this preparation take? And, PS, does the story of my colleague sound plausible?

  • The best (And IMO right) thing to do is to first join a training course and learn the basics of the sport. In general training institutes will prepare you with the required skills. The easiest way to find such places is to google something like "learn parasailing in Colorado" or "parasailing training Colorado".
    – Ahron
    Nov 29, 2021 at 4:31

3 Answers 3


The first steps before flying start with learning the gear and going over the procedures (Source).

Then you start what is known as kiting or ground handling where the you get the wing up into the air and use the controls to steer it and learn how to handle it while staying on the ground.

True mastery of the sport starts with learning to control the wing on the ground. Unlike with a rigid wing aircraft, before we can begin to even think about taking off, our wing must first be “built” and placed overhead in just the right position. While many aspects of flying might come natural to new pilots, kiting is a skill that has no real comparison to anything we learn at a young age (even flying a regular kite). So new muscle memories must be developed from the ground up.


These are the ground handling exercises that you will dive into right away:

  • Gear inspection, prep and layout
  • Pre-inflation body position
  • Forward inflation
  • Light wind “taxiing”
  • Reverse wall building
  • Reverse inflation
  • Reverse kiting
  • Forward kiting
  • Wing shut down
  • Emergency procedures


Groundhandling can be trained anywhere when wind blows, short grass and almost flat is preferred terrain. Ideal wind strength is 4-6 m/s without gusts. With less wind, front launch should be trained, despite its use at thermic take off places is limited, few times a year you will need it. If there are obstacles between you and wind, wind gets broken and good only for advanced training. I found it good to train groundhandling all the time wind was good. Even for 10 minutes before or after soaring/flying. All the actions should be trained to level, where you do not think about an action required, but act correctly without thinking.


Most paragliding is done by taking off from hills, but kiting/ground handling can be done on a flat soccer field (I have seen it done many times). These exercises teach the skills needed while the trainee is still on the ground.

As far as exercises go, there are a lot of times when the pilots hands are up high pulling down as that is how the paraglider is steered.

From what I can find, upper body strength does matter,

It's beneficial to have good upper body strength while flying your wing. The more you fly and handle your wing, the stronger the muscles in your arms will become. This increases and improves overall flexibility, mobility and range of motion.


but it is also about technique.

Paragliding is about finesse and serenity, not strength and adrenaline. We work to build your skills and knowledge, in order to help you exercise good judgment as a pilot.


To address your questions of whether the situation described is plausible, consider that paragliders get stuck in trees all the time.

STATE emergency service volunteers have helped to rescue a paraglider who stranded himself eight metres up a tree in the Gold Coast Hinterland.


Also, while rare, paragliders have gotten high enough to pass out from lack of oxygen.

Ewa Wisnerska, 35, was sucked 32,000 ft into the air — so high that she lost consciousness from lack of oxygen and ice formed over her body. Hospital staff say the paraglider suffered severe frostbite from which she almost lost her ears.

The adventurer said it was a miracle that she survived: "You can't imagine the power. You feel like nothing, like a leaf from a tree going up," she said. "I can't do anything. It's raining and hailing and I'm still climbing — I'm lost."


She regained consciousness mid-air about one hour later. "I wanted to fly around the clouds but I got sucked up 20 metres (67ft) per second into it and spiralled," she told The Sydney Morning Herald.


Her ordeal was recorded by a global positioning beacon and a radio attached to her equipment. The swirling clouds released Miss Wisnerska from their grasp and she landed safely 40 miles from her launch, suffering frostbite to her face and with ice inside her lightweight flying suit — but otherwise unharmed.


  • 1
    That's not a paraglider in your image, but a parachute as used in skydiving. They are very different sports and the wings are engineered for quite different characteristics.
    – rdb
    Oct 15, 2020 at 16:09

I don't know where you live, but I am pretty sure that if you want to do paragliding, you are required to take a course and get a license. So I would say if you really want to do it, find a paragliding school, and they will teach you all you need.

I don't think any specific skills are required. While landings in trees do happen, they are considered crashes, and are really not an everyday occurance. I think the only thing you should think about is your general fitness level. For a take off, you should be able to run a hundred meters or so. Nothing extreme though, I have seen lots of old paragliders.


I have been flying paragliders for more than 20 years, I am an instructor in France during the peak season, and in the winter I would go to Mexico, where I organize paragliding tours for visiting pilots/students.

The same way you must walk before you can run, you need to take it easy. Actually tree-landing should not be considered as an option, though it may happen (and happened to me too!).

Basically, in most places in the world I've been teaching (Nepal, South Africa, Colombia, Mexico, France) it takes just a couple of days before your actual first "high flight". First you need to discover the equipment, and understand how to handle on a gentle slope : The "training hill". Just like riding a bicycle, it's not rocket science, but it's not so intuitive at first either. You need to get rid of earthly habits.

Aside from the practice, you also some theoretical courses, to understand the Do's and Dont's. Sometimes, depending on where you fly, or your paragliding school, you could go for a tandem flight, to debunk the fear of it.

Your first flight will be done in dead air : It will be a top-to-bottom flight. You'll be checked/guided by one instructor on the take-off, then another instructor will guide you to the landing zone.

As you clock up more airtime, the instructor will let you fly almost on your own, only supervising your flight, and give you more slack. You will also do some in-flight exercises to discover how to handle a paragliding aircraft in more active (yet turbulent) conditions, before you really need it.

As you gain more experience, you may be able not only to stay up longer, but also go up : This is called thermalling. You could also do aerobatics, if that's your thing.

As a matter of fact, paragliding is not complicated but you have to take it easy. It's actually a never-ending training, even though you will be in the air sooner than later.

In France, it is not a requirement to go to a paragliding school or get signed off by your instructor. You could actually buy your glider, no question asked. However most people would go to a paragliding school and would in turn recommend you do too : It prevent taking bad habits, help building up confidence, and drastically improve your life expectancy. ;-)

All paragliding accidents stem from poor judgement, lack of practice or technique. It is human error that causes accidents. Paragliding is not dangerous, but it can be risky if done carelessly.

People tend to confuse paragliding with skydiving. The illustration in Charlie's answer proves it. Although paragliding comes from skydiving historically, they are completely different sports. Don't think that because you've some skydiving experience, it will translate well and quickly into paragliding. It may or may not. Beware.

I actually wrote an article about this topic (how to learn to fly). You may want to give it a look.

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