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While hiking in western Sweden in October this year, I came across a bunch of feathers on my trail:feathers on trail

To me it looked like the leftovers of a small to medium bird of prey, which was seemingly eaten by a different animal. Here is a closeup of some of the feathers: feathers

The longest feather is about 18 cm long.

What bird could this be? Is there a possibility to guess/know what has happened to it?

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Looks like a female capercaillie to me. What killed it could be anything. Because the feathers seem pretty much intact I'd suspect a bird of prey like a goshawk. Here is a picture of a female capercaillie, the tail feathers match up.

Here

See Western capercaillie. the bird is found across Eurasia, and definitely in Sweden.

  • Welcome, and thank you very much for this answer! I used to live in Germany, where they are very very rare, so it didn't even come to my mind it could be on of them, but they seem to be pretty common in Sweden, and the habitat matches really well! Thank you, that makes me really happy! – Paul Paulsen Dec 17 '18 at 20:54
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Credit goes to @ATJN for identifying the bird as a Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), which is the largest member of the grouse family. I know you primarily asked for the identification, but I'm adding some things about the bird in case you or others are interested.

There are a number of sub-species in Europe and Asia. Sweden has a large native population who live there year-round. It's also on the migration route of some of the species, so seeing them there tends to be easier than in other places. That would correlate to where you saw it.

Their habitat is old forested areas, which have mature large trees, with years of development of dense ground vegetation underneath. They prefer trees in the conifer family, including pine and others, with the abundant low growth being wildflowers and berries.

Beauty of Birds:

The Western Capercaillie is adapted to its original habitats - old coniferous forests with a rich interior structure and dense ground vegetation of Vaccinium species under a light canopy. They mainly feed on Vaccinium species, especially blueberry. They use the open spaces when flying. As habitat specialists, they hardly use any other forest types.

There are a number of possibilities of what it fell prey to. As with many animals in the woods, humans are the biggest threat. Although it's protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, making it illegal to touch, that doesn't stop people from doing so. It may have been hunted for sport or food, especially if it was near a trail, which is a vulnerable place.

Its animal predators primarily include golden eagles, hawks and red foxes, although I found mention of wild boars, crows, brown bears, and a few others. In Sweden, the Capercaillies are a large part of the diet of the Golden Eagle, so that might be a good guess.

From Birds in Bulgaria:

In Sweden, Western Capercaillies are the primary prey of the Golden Eagle.

Numbers of small predators that predate capercaillies (e.g. Red Fox) have increased due to the loss of large predators who control smaller carnivores (e.g. Gray Wolf, Brown Bear).

It looks like there might be some dark scat (animal droppings), although I can't see it that clearly. It can help you identify the predator. Also, I can't tell if there's a whole skeleton there. Some animals will eat the meat and leave the bones behind. Others drag or carry the skeleton away.

  • Thank you for this additional information! There were no bones, and I can't remember any scat. Also, UK law is without any importance in Sweden, where it seems to be allowed to hunt it , so this guess might be a good one - although I found this in a nature reserve and am unsure if any hunting is permitted there. – Paul Paulsen Dec 26 '18 at 23:03

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