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When you are within the three boat length circle in a race, do other rules of racing apply? So, if two boats are within the circle, one boat has overlap, is on the inside, and is on starboard tack (boat A), and the other boat is on port tack (boat B), can boat A push boat B off its proper course, taking more room than necessary? Or does boat B only need to give enough room to round?

(Boat A entered the circle with overlap. This would be the downwind mark.)

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(Under the rules of US Sailing)

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    I think these rules vary greatly by race authority. Can you update your question to include a specific race authority? – James Jenkins Jul 12 at 12:25
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    Not that I'm shooting down Stack Exchange, but why not ask your question on a specialized forum such as can be found on Racing Rules of Sailing? The link is to a series of questions on mark-room and rule 18. – Gabriel C. Jul 12 at 15:20
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    You've inspired a meta: outdoors.meta.stackexchange.com/q/1525/9109 – cobaltduck Jul 12 at 16:15
  • A few things to clarify before this is really answerable: Mark rounding direction (port/starboard), mark rounding leg (upwind/downwind), position of the boats at the time they entered the circle (not/overlapped). In general, a sketch or diagram is VERY helpful and is used in almost all sailing rules disputes. For some good examples, see sailing.org/tools/documents/… – jhch Jul 12 at 16:57
  • Boat A entered the circle with overlap. This would be the downwind mark. I added diagrams. – Murey Tasroc Jul 12 at 19:42
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In short, yes.

The rules in Section A (right of way) always apply, even when constrained by rules in Section B and C (which include room at marks). Boat A in your scenario is required to gybe at the mark. But let's look a little deeper at the scenario you describe, because it's a good question and it happens all the time.

At the zone, overlapped

A enters the zone overlapped with B, so Rule 18 (Mark-Room) turns on. Rule 18.2 (Giving Mark-Room) says that:

When boats are overlapped the outside boat shall give the inside boat mark-room...

so in this case B must give A mark-room. Since A and B are on opposite tacks, Rule 10 (On Opposite Tacks) still applies and B must keep clear of A (this may seem redundant, but it's not!).

In your first picture, A is sailing her proper course towards the mark. It looks like B is far enough away to be considered keeping clear--it would be easy for B to avoid contact with A at this point.

At the mark, overlapped

This position isn't drawn above, but it's basically halfway between your two sketches. At this point, we have to look at how Rule 18.4 (Gybing) adds limitations on what A may do:

When an inside overlapped right-of-way boat must gybe at a mark to sail her proper course, until she gybes she shall sail no farther from the mark than needed to sail that course.

Since A would have to gybe to round the mark, Rules 18.4 applies, and A is required to gybe. This is the significant answer to your question.

Past the mark, overlapped

By your second sketch, both A and B have sailed past the mark. This is where your last question comes into play: does B only need to give enough room to round the mark?

It might be a bit surprising, but no!

Here, A has broken rule 18.4 by not gybing when her proper course to the mark is to gybe. However, B must continue to keep clear of A so long as Rule 10 (On Opposite Tacks) applies. Even though A is breaking rule 18.4 (and B should protest for that breach) the rules of Section A still apply. In your second sketch, B is getting quite close to A, and is possibly not keeping clear as required. If there is contact, B could be penalized, because B has broken a rule and does not enjoy the protections of Rule 21 (Exoneration).

In general, its in the best interest of the give-way boat to keep clear at all costs, and then protest for breaches for Sections B or C.

Citations:

https://www.sailing.org/tools/documents/20172020WorldSailingCaseBookv1.1-[22915].pdf

https://www.sailing.org/tools/documents/StudyVersionoftheRacingRulesfor20172020Final-[13380].pdf

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