Do gaiters (that are NOT soaked or factory applied permethrin) worn around the ankles while hiking prevent ticks from getting into your pants and onto your skin?
Do gaiters that are not soaked or factory applied permethrin prevent ticks?
To a degree yes, but it is not perfect.
To increase the ability of repelling ticks, I would spray on Deet, unless one is known to be allergic to one of the ingredients of this repellent.
In addition to using Deet, there are a few others things one can do to increase one’s chances of avoiding been bitten by ticks:
If biting insects and/or ticks are present, dress your child in long, loose-fitting clothes that cover the arms and legs, a hat and closed shoes (not sandals). Tucking shirts into pants and pants into socks are extra precautions.
Light-coloured clothes make it easier to see and remove ticks before they bite, and do not attract mosquitoes as much as dark clothing.
When residing in or visiting a tick habitat, inspect yourself and your children thoroughly at least daily: include the head, neck and behind the ears. If a tick is found, remove it as soon as possible. Ticks can stay attached to skin, feeding on blood and growing larger, for five or more days. However, removing a tick within 24 h to 48 h of starting to feed is likely to prevent Lyme disease because the bacteria will not yet have been transmitted from the tick to the individual.
Something else I would like to add here, from personal experience: one should avoid walking through piles of leaves. For some reasons, these little creatures love hiding out in piles of dry leaves, especially when colder weather is upon us. After all piled up leaves will keep the cold out and they seem to sense that. They may only be ticks, but they are not all that stupid, so always be alert.