In some wilderness areas you can, or even are encouraged to check in at a trailhead, either with a human or by signing in to a book. This is old-fashioned but reliable if used properly.
Wilderness accommodation may also be used to helping out here; even a fellow visitor in a hostel/mountain hut could be a suitable contact.
Certainly when I stay in a big group and we split up to do various activities, we keep track of where the other groups are and when they're expected back, even if individuals go off solo. For example I wasn't feeling up to kayaking on one trip, so let the others go without me. When I recovered enough for a short walk I left a note with key details despite choosing a well-travelled and easy route.
You do need to remember to check out again though. This can be a pain if you're not planning on returning to the start