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Here on the Central California Coast (Monterey), I feed peanuts (unsalted) in the shell to scrub jays and squirrels. Often, apparently after they have surfeited themselves, they continue to get peanuts from me but bury them in the sandy dirt close by.

Do the scrub jays and squirrels remember the precise location where they have hidden the nuts, or do they, when hungry, "borrow" from each other's store, whether deliberately or un-?

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There's a nice explanation of the behaviours of squirrels at LiveScience.com. Basically it boils down to that they can remember about 95% of the hoards, but they will use deception on the burying location when other squirrels are around. This suggests that squirrels do indeed intentionally dig up other squirrel's nuts.

As to Jays - Jays are well known to have excellent memory and can find almost all of their cached food. They have also been observed stealing cached food from other jays and other animals (see the "cool facts" section).

So - the answer is yes, both will steal and both remember where their caches are.

As an aside: If you have ever read the story "The Tale of Timmy Tiptoes" by the beloved English author and illustrator Beatrix Potter to any children in your life, then you may be familiar with the phrase "Who's been digging up my nuts" kicking off the central conflict between squirrels in the story. Potter was an astute observer of animal nature and a talented nature artist, who would have observed the native Red Squirrels, which also exhibit caching behaviour. The protagonist (Timmy Tiptoes) in the book is an Eastern Grey Squirrel as the book was written for the American market, which she viewed at the London Zoo for her illustrations..

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  • The data which indicates they remember only 95% is presuming they forgot because they never go to retrieve it.... but they may know it's there and just don't need it. Jul 27 at 0:00
  • @Harper-ReinstateMonica true - however, we have no way to evaluate this, and they continue to store food even with the presence of unused caches, so I don't think need is necessarily the motivating factor.
    – bob1
    Jul 27 at 0:46
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This page says that it's estimated that squirrels forget between 25 and 75% of their stock (or don't need them). However, this is important for the forest: The forgotten nuts become seeds and start growing in spring. Hence the tree has reached its goal: That its nuts be distributed.

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