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This weekend we went "pole camping". A pole camp site (dutch link only) is a camp site offered by the departments of forestry in the Netherlands and Belgium. It is very basic. What is offered is a handpump providing ground water, a fire place and and a place for three trekking tents usually some where along hiking trails in both the Netherlands and Belgium.

At the pole-camp site we stayed at this weekend, the ground water looked very clear. Directly from the source you could see right through. However, upon cooking the water turned brown with a fatty film floating on top. The longer the water boiled, the more brown the water became.

Brown water with film

What makes clear ground water turns brown upon cooking and more importantly can you still consume it after thoroughly cooking it?

  • I'm not sure what's causing that, but I wouldn't drink it. – Kevin Jun 22 '14 at 19:20
  • @kevin sure thing, we through it away, but still I would like to know what happened – Andra Jun 22 '14 at 19:31
  • I think that I already read that filtered water can look bad, although it's safely drinkable. But I can't really remember and ofc this info is very vague. Looking for a proper answer here. – Wills Jun 22 '14 at 19:48
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    Could it be that the pot caused this? I sometimes have seen pots which were clean at first glance putting an oily film on water. But that wouldn´t explain the brown color... – Paul Paulsen Jun 22 '14 at 21:47
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It is likely caused by iron in the pump or pipes.

According to the Illinois Department of Public Health:

Iron is mainly present in water in two forms: either the soluble ferrous iron or the insoluble ferric iron. Water containing ferrous iron is clear and colorless because the iron is completely dissolved. When exposed to air in the pressure tank or atmosphere, the water turns cloudy and a reddish brown substance begins to form. This sediment is the oxidized or ferric form of iron that will not dissolve in water.

[...]

Iron is not hazardous to health, but it is considered a secondary or aesthetic contaminant.

[...]

When iron exists along with certain kinds of bacteria, a smelly biofilm can form. To survive, the bacteria use the iron, leaving behind a reddish brown or yellow slime

Most likely it is safe to consume, but I would avoid cooking with that water as it may change the taste of your dish.

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    Ah, nice explanation. I have used high-iron water a couple of times, but it was always brown already before cooking. It tastes like blood (to be correct, blood tastes like iron), so if you have something else available... – Paul Paulsen Jun 24 '14 at 15:10
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Cause of coloring:

As you specifically referred to Groundwater, I believe it is most likely due to the Manganese and Iron contents in the water. Iron and manganese are common metallic elements found in the earth's crust. Water percolating through soil and rock can dissolve minerals containing iron and manganese and hold them in solution. Occasionally, iron pipes also may be a source of iron in water.
Now when you fetch the water, it looks normal, but as you boil it, or even keep it for a while, over the period it changes the color since Iron and Manganese gets oxidized and change from colorless, dissolved forms to colored, solid forms. May be that is the reason to have the presence of oily substance floating over the water. In wells or other groundwater sources, the oxygen content is low, and so the iron/manganese-bearing water appear clear and colorless since the iron and manganese are dissolved. Exposing to air, triggers the oxidization.


Health Hazards:

  • Hemochromatosis: Consuming such water over a prolong span can cause Hemochromatosis. The symptoms of Hemochromatosis vary and can include: chronic fatigue, arthritis, heart disease, cirrhosis, cancer, diabetes, thyroid disease, impotence, and sterility. The symptoms of Hemochromatosis are pretty much similar to Iron deficiency. That is what concerns me the most. However, people with hemochromatosis generally experience a darkening of skin color, often referred to as Bronzing of the skin, while those suffering from iron deficiency Anemia will experience a pale skin color.
  • When you say prolong you mean living off of it as a primary water source, not necessarily consuming for a few days of camping? – Chris Mendez Jul 2 '14 at 13:04
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    @ChrisMendez: It is very likely to happen with the people who live off with it as a primary source. Then Should the campers be okay with drinking it over a few days of camping? I'll say, then look for the taste. If it tastes unusually unusual (:P), avoid drinking that. – WedaPashi Jul 2 '14 at 13:22

protected by Charlie Brumbaugh May 3 '18 at 1:14

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