What potential dangers / precautions one should take into account when sleeping outside in sub-Saharan Africa? (Let alone countries with unstable political situations.) Just with a sleeping bag, maybe with a tent?

What about animals? Is it dangerous outside natural parks, or are they so rare that it's not a problem in normal country?

Please leave note if your answer is based on your personal experience with wild camping in Africa.

  • 3
    Can you be bit more specific about where in sub-Saharan Africa you are planning on camping ? (sub-Saharan Africa covers about 20+ different countries and terrain ranging from deep rain forest to desert)
    – tonys
    Feb 3, 2012 at 7:38
  • @tonys, Ghana, Togo, Burkina Faso
    – Tomas
    Feb 3, 2012 at 9:22
  • have u done this trip
    – SeaMist
    Nov 18, 2016 at 1:41
  • @SeaMist, yes I did. But in the end, the only place I slept outside was a garden of a family in a village.
    – Tomas
    Nov 18, 2016 at 9:58

3 Answers 3


Disclaimer - this is purely based on a bit of prior knowledge and augmented with some more research, I've never been to subsaharan Africa and don't really plan to ever wild camp there!

Wild camping around that area verges along the more extreme side of wild camping - some may say it's madness, and there's obviously much, much more risk than wild camping in your average field or an accessible location of countryside. But if you are doing it I'd definitely take a tent, at least that way you've got some element of protection if nothing else.

Risks? Well first off you've got venomous snakes. Subsaharan Africa is crawling with them and while some varieties won't tend to strike unless they really feel threatened, others (Black Mamba) are both quick to strike and kill basically every time unless antivenom is administered in time. This is a very real risk, a quick search reveals it's a pretty big problem in this area and definitely not just confined to parks. Then you've got other nasties such as scorpions and spiders, while generally they're not as venemous as snakes some varieties can still kill you, and at the least if you get caught out it'll land you in intense pain and possibly cause you to be disoriented for a while.

Other than animals, you've also got people - an aspect of survival often forgotten about. Parts of it can be corrupt and especially at borders, you may have critical supplies stolen on your travels and have no sensible way of replacing them; this is something you need to be aware of. In a more alarming / extreme scenario you could even be held prisoner by armed captors - so looking at negotiating options and practising these sorts of situations is sensible, and not as over the top as it might first seem.

Then of course you've got the climate to deal with, which can be strenuous and deadly enough in itself if you don't take the right precautions. You're going to be dealing with intense heat and unless you know the specific area you're travelling to very well, you can't rely on stumbling across sources of water like you may do if you were wild camping in "normal" territory. And because of the heat you're going to go through LOTS of water each day.

In summary, I'd say that it can be (just about) bearable, but only if you do a lot of planning, research, and preparation beforehand. Go in a group, make sure you've all done training you deem necessary, tell someone your route and when you aim to be back, run through drills of what to do in emergency situations and contact experts for training on any areas you're not sure of. If you're not prepared to go to those sort of lengths in your preparation then I'd go as far as saying it probably does fall under the category of madness!


I have camped in the Okavango delta, Kalahari desert and on Kilimanjaro.

I would not try sleeping outside, tent is a minimum. On one of the trips we had a 4x4 with a roof tent. That was very practical, easy to put up, and you felt a bit safer being off the ground. Some of the game reserves have camping sites.

There is not much difference with respect to animals like snakes inside or outside a park. Some places you may have to worry more about getting robbed than getting attacked by animals.

  • Hello Shiraz! Thanks! Any particular experinece from the Okavango delta? How to camp to be safe from buffalo's, hippos, crocodiles... etc.?
    – Tomas
    Feb 8, 2012 at 9:11
  • Here we used a camp site, cannot remember which one, but here is an example: chobesafarilodge.com/accommodation.php Feb 10, 2012 at 16:07
  • 1
    Was it actually wild camping or you were staying in organised camps by guides and / or camp-sites?
    – Val
    Sep 10, 2014 at 13:39

I'm researching wild camping in western Africa at the moment and the main thing I've learned thus far is not to listen to people who haven't been there. Threat from animals aside, apparently the thing to do is to ask at villages if it's okay to spend the night on their land. You'll likely be given food, too.

  • Surely that depends on whether people who haven't been there are basing their knowledge on careful research or just vague assumptions?
    – berry120
    Mar 1, 2012 at 23:46
  • 1
    Tony, have you been to Africa since you wrote this post? Any new experience? If yes please edit your post - thanks a lot!
    – Tomas
    Jan 12, 2013 at 11:59

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