This answer is a work in progress
This answer is focused to a bike and canoe combination. Only legs I have traveled by bike and/or canoe are listed. No Warranty on the information is implied here, it represents my findings at the time each piece was written. The bike trail is generally rails to trails, the trail generally well above the river (flooding concerns in narrow areas) or is separated from the river by private property. Access points listed are public, a few private access points are available, but the causal traveler should assume only those listed are viable. While you can often see one from the other, the trail and river are generally not physically accessible to the other by the causal traveler.
Navigation considerations on the Youghiogheny Rivers & Potomac Rivers
The entire course of this journey has bike paths paralleling or in very near proximity to the river. The section of trail at Ohiopyle is the Great Allegheny Passage http://www.atatrail.org/
Legs for day journeys: bike up (5 mph), canoe down (2 mph).
- Ohiopyle to Confluence ~ 11 Miles, some class one rapids.
- Confluence to Markleton ~ 12 miles, class I-III
- Markleton to Rockwood ~ 6 Miles
- Rockwood to Meyersdale ~ 12 Miles
- Meyersdale to Mason-Dixon Line ~ 11 Miles
- Mason-Dixon Line to Frostburgh ~ 6 Miles
- Frostburgh to Cumberland ~15 Miles
Ohiopyle to Confluence ~ 11 Miles, some class one rapids.
At this writing, I believe this is the only section of trail where a canoe may travel west on the river. All water craft must exist the river at Ohiopyle, there is a water fall shortly after the sign below. The launch is easily visible from the river and the trail. It ends the "middle Yough" segment of the river.
Both Ohiopyle and Confluence are popular areas, with food and services for trail users.
At mile marker 67 on the trail there is picnic park, only accessible by the trail or river. There is a beach access, practical for launching easily visible from both trail and river.
The next launch is Ramcat, about 2 miles before Confluence. There is a car parking area, it is heavily used by both commercial and casual river users. Easily visible from both trail and river.
Confluence has multiple parking areas and kayak/canoe launches, on each side of the river. The Outflow Camping Area has an area for walk in trail users (no reservations)
The left bank launch is down the grassy area, at the mile marker 61, in the image below. The dam supporting the Youghiogheny River lake is a few hundred feet up stream.
At this point the bike trail stops following the Youghiogheny River, I have not explored the river any farther.
Confluence to Markleton ~ 12 miles Includes Pinkerton Tunnel
At Confluence the Casselman river joins the Youghiogheny, and the bike trail follows Casselman. There are a couple of miles of river that look very canoe-able. Farther up the trail crosses the river several times, on my visit I didn't see anything that was obviously fatal to a loaded canoe, but visibility was not good, the water was a chocolate brown and moving fast.
Arriving at Markleton (no services) I find a boat launch with a sign talking about kayaking the Casselman river. I learn there is a launch at Fort Hill, about 6 miles down river (I did not see it from the trail). Google shows it across the bridge on Fort Hill Rd (low traffic, easy access from trail). The AWA list this section of river as class II-III. Locals tell me the section between Markleton and Fort Hill is the fastest section of river. They report having completed this and most of the river in an open canoe (2 paddlers). I suspect I may never try this section, alone in my 17 foot canoe with a bike in it.
Markleton to Rockwood ~ 6 Miles
There are multiple services in Rockwood , there should be a boat launch but I have not located it yet. The parts of the river I could see were class one.
Rockwood to Meyersdale ~ 12 Miles (not yet traveled)
Address for the Rockwood trailhead 123 Rockdale Rd, Rockwood PA.
Work in progress pending more research