I've been walking for exercise for four years now, with no problems. Now I've moved to a hilly location, and I thought the inclines, up and down, would be a great addition to my flat land walking. In general everything is fine except I experience inflammation and pain from beneath and under my right kneecap. I've used anti-inflammatories, ice, and rest to cure it, but I would really like to know how to prevent it.
Full disclosure - I am a fit 58 year old male and I had perhaps 25% of the cartilage removed from my right knee fifteen years ago with no problem until now.