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Questions tagged [first-aid]

First aid is about treating minor injuries, providing temporary aid for major injuries until care can be reached, and determining which is which and how urgently medical care needs to be obtained. Questions regarding temperature-induced conditions such as frostbite, hypothermia, and heat stroke are also matters of first aid and should be tagged as such.

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Fer-de-Lance bite. emergency treatment in remote location: Administer anti-venin ASAP or check for allergic reaction to serum first?

This question is prompted by an incident recounted in the book Jaguar: One Man's Strugle to Establish the World's First Jaguar Preserve by Alan Rabinowitz. The author, with several assistants, was ...
ab2's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
250 views

First Aid Cheat Sheet

I am assembling a first aid kit for my next hiking trip, and I would like to print and include a basic cheat sheet with essential information on how to treat common ailments. Also, I would like to ...
Gabriel De Oliveira Caetano's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
3k views

Indoor Rock Climbing (Boulder) - Finger Skin Coming Off - How to Treat and Avoid It?

I started indoor rock climbing 3 weeks ago. I do it 2-3 times a week. I noticed after today's climb that my pinky finger right hand skin is coming off. Also two other fingers skin is kinda loose. How ...
azamsharp's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes
3 answers
461 views

What first aid steps should you take for someone who faints after being injured in the cold rain?

So let's say a friend has been outside exercising pretty intensely (eg. running) and they are caught in the rain. They have slipped and got impact trauma to their body and head but no broken bones. ...
FrontEnd's user avatar
  • 307
7 votes
4 answers
7k views

Can sanitary pads be a better alternate to gauze to reduce or stop bleeding?

In case of serious injury during a trek, can sanitary pads be used along with other first-aid dressing material to stop/reduce bleeding from a wound? Rationale: When compared with Gauze, sanitary pads ...
WedaPashi's user avatar
  • 31.7k
7 votes
3 answers
5k views

First aid: alternatives to hydrogen peroxide

** This question may contain medically unsound advice. Be sure you have read the answers and comments before making any medical decisions ** Recently a friend broke her arm while mountain biking and ...
Vorac's user avatar
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22 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the first signs that you are headed for heat exhaustion, and what should you do?

Extreme heat by historical standards is in the news, and most likely in our future. So this question is how to know when you are headed for being seriously affected by the heat, and what to do about ...
ab2's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
5k views

Duct tape as adhesive bandage

If I'm out of adhesive bandage, and have a wound to treat, how can I improvise, using duct tape? Adhesive bandage is actually a sticky tape with a piece of fabric inside, so I could slice a piece of ...
Danubian Sailor's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
138 views

Post-hike Care and Pain Relief for Blisters and Hot Spots

There are many, many articles and web sites that will tell you what to do if you develop a hot spot or blister while on the trail, and need to perform some field treatment to allow you to get back in ...
cobaltduck's user avatar
  • 5,178
3 votes
2 answers
214 views

How well do mosquito clothing patches work?

They are said to be little patches that simply stick onto clothing, lasting for 12 hours. They are made from "natural ingredients" and DEET-free so I have my doubts. How well do they work?
Martin F's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
346 views

Is there any evidence that suction devices are helpful for snake bites?

Back in the old days, it was recommended that for a snake bite you cut an X and suck the venom out. That is no longer recommended, however, they still sell suction devices such as the Sawyer Extractor ...
Charlie Brumbaugh's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
430 views

Are there statistics on how often CPR on someone who has been struck by lighting works?

In all of my Wilderness First Responder classes and books, they have said that people who have been struck by lightning and need CPR have the best chance of it working (in general save rates with CPR ...
Charlie Brumbaugh's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Who to contact for a bird with broken wing in Portugal, Algarve?

I saw a bird with an injured wing among the rocks on a beach in Portugal (Algarve). The bird has been on the beach since Friday evening, and her wing feathers have completely dropped off by now. It's ...
ozmichka's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
0 answers
85 views

Is it advisable to use a tourniquet on a dog for a snake bite? [duplicate]

I'm a bit curious about this since the day I read an infographic tip from a veterinarian. The reason stated by her is that it helps to not enlarge the site of the snake bite. Is this correct? ...
Aire's user avatar
  • 21
6 votes
1 answer
184 views

How does zinc oxide work?

I am a big fan of zinc oxide products for minor outdoor injuries, e.g. zinc oxide tape for blisters on feet, or products like Sudocrem for sunburn and so on. They certainly seem to help the healing ...
gaius's user avatar
  • 244
15 votes
4 answers
12k views

How to deal with keeping a first aid kit inside a hot car?

Excluding parking the car in the shade or carrying the kit in person, what are some solutions to handle emergency car kits in the heat? I am aware medications, ointments, creams, adhesives are the ...
Jennifer's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
6k views

What to do if someone gets impaled in the stomach?

Background: This question is motivated by an accident that happened to my sister in a very rural area. She was on a fence and fell onto a t-post which basically impaled her, but which fell out by the ...
That Realtor Programmer Guy's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
18k views

What first aid can be done for Crab Bite?

I occasionally hike in the Sahyadri ranges in Maharashtra (India). During the rainy season there are a lot of crabs on the trail. In case the crab bites, what are the first aid steps that can be taken?...
Sonam's user avatar
  • 193
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

How to minimize limitation/pain from blisters caused before a camping trip? [duplicate]

I have a short camping trip coming up. This week, from using a wooden tool, I got blisters on my hands at the base of some fingers. In the future, ideally, I would take precaution to not get blisters ...
cr0's user avatar
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71 votes
12 answers
22k views

I've just been bitten by a rattlesnake; how, exactly, do I "keep calm"?

My question is prompted by the answer of @WedaPashi to this question, which is about rattlesnakes, specifically: • Remain calm and first move beyond the snake's striking distance. • Keep calm, ...
ab2's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
3k views

How do you remove leeches from your eyeball?

Leeches have been known to fall and attach on the eyeballs of hapless hikers. Where I'm from, if a leech attaches itself to you, you just spray it with alcohol and it will shrink and fall off. ...
user19652's user avatar
  • 1,521
26 votes
6 answers
5k views

How do you remove a fishhook from a human?

If one is out fishing and someone gets a fishhook stuck in them, what are the different techniques for removing it?
Charlie Brumbaugh's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

How should you treat an open wound in the backcountry?

If someone were to get an open wound in the back country, say a knife slipped while cooking dinner and sliced the person, how would you treat that? We already have one question about using whiskey, ...
Charlie Brumbaugh's user avatar
28 votes
2 answers
57k views

Is whiskey a good disinfectant?

You see this a lot on films, the hero/heroine is injured and disinfects their wound(s) by pouring whiskey on it. I'm a bit sceptical. If I'm in an emergency scenario and need to prevent infection. ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

How fast can a snakebite kill? [closed]

I have been looking around and I see some claims of 15 to 30 minutes. Googling 'snake bite fastest time to death' brings back many different answers. In one place I see Black Mamba with 30 minutes ...
James Jenkins's user avatar
18 votes
2 answers
23k views

Why are tourniquets not recommended as a first aid for a snakebite?

Why are tying the tourniquets or restricting bandages not recommended or in fact to be avoided to treat a snakebite before getting the proper medical attention? Closely related questions: Am I able ...
WedaPashi's user avatar
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15 votes
3 answers
1k views

Am I able to "open up" a snake bite and suck the venom out of it?

Someone told me that you should treat a snake bite (in the wilderness) by cutting a X in the skin (with a knife) and sucking the stuff out of it. This sounds a little weird to me. Is this really a ...
OddDeer's user avatar
  • 23.5k
42 votes
4 answers
7k views

How to treat a severe allergic reaction while hiking?

Suppose you are out hiking, many hours from the trail head and someone has a severe allergic reaction (ie, anaphylactic shock or Anaphylaxis). In this case, what is the best course of treatment to ...
Russell Steen's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
6k views

How do you treat frozen lungs?

You know that bleeding lung feeling you get after going out for a long run on a freezing cold night? The one where you can taste blood in the back of your jaw, and begin to wheeze and cough as fluids ...
ShemSeger's user avatar
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18 votes
2 answers
2k views

What are the different stages of frostbite?

My brother and I were out backcountry sled-skiing yesterday, and my brother froze his feet in his new ski-boots. We were sitting at just above 2000m, my brother had his boots off and was trying to ...
ShemSeger's user avatar
  • 53.6k
5 votes
3 answers
422 views

Blisters on small of back

I went hiking with a friend a few years ago who had adjusted his new 90 liter pack to sit pretty high up on him. As a result he managed to create two very large blisters right above his buttocks. ...
Citizen's user avatar
  • 873
13 votes
3 answers
836 views

Is there anything specific required for a dog first aid kit?

You can go into almost any pet store in the UK, especially the big chains, and see first aid kits for your dog. Is there anything specifically required for a dog first aid kit, or will a human first ...
Aravona's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
6k views

How to create a cast or splint to aid a broken bone?

Assuming you or one of your party has broken his leg (or something). How can you create a provisional splint or cast to bring you/him/her back to the next hospital etc.? Would be cool if it's made ...
OddDeer's user avatar
  • 23.5k
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Heal burn wounds in the wild

When out in the wild and a companion falls into the fire and gets injured very badly. How can I aid his wounds? Would be great to hear from some possible herbs (natural materials in general) but ...
OddDeer's user avatar
  • 23.5k
12 votes
3 answers
645 views

Case example on Altitude Mountain Sickness: How to detect and react properly?

I know the theory behind effects of high altitudes on the human body is not entirely understood and because of cross-influence it is a difficult topic. It's not an exact science. Having said that I ...
Wills's user avatar
  • 12.2k
9 votes
2 answers
354 views

How do you diagnose severe altitude illness?

If someone is feeling bad at high altitude, how do you tell if their condition is so severe that it threatens their life unless they descend immediately?
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
168 views

What is a Burrito wrap? [duplicate]

I was going through one of the most amazing posts on The Great Outdoors which talks about if sleeping naked in a sleeping bag keeps you warmer than with clothes The is something said about Burrito ...
WedaPashi's user avatar
  • 31.7k
10 votes
2 answers
811 views

How do I self-assess my physical condition after a fall in the backcountry?

Background: The weather that day, as well as the week before, had been dry and warm. At about nine pm on August 2, 2014, I fell off of a log onto rocks. The fall was roughly twenty feet. The rocks ...
Zach L's user avatar
  • 1,211
14 votes
3 answers
2k views

What to do if a team member falls sick?

Recently I fell ill whilst car camping and it made me consider the situations when not around amenities. In addition to this I recently was part of a four man, one dog team climbing Snowdon and one of ...
Aravona's user avatar
  • 15.4k
15 votes
2 answers
1k views

Should one run (or walk) back to civilization if bitten by a rattlesnake?

From what I understand the most important thing to do when bitten by a rattlesnake is to get to a hospital. I often go on hikes where I am a few hours walk from civilization at the midpoint of my ...
brh's user avatar
  • 473
16 votes
3 answers
11k views

Is saltwater antiseptic?

On some occasions you don´t have anything to desinfect wounds, for example during a (short) walk along the beach. If you cut yourself or have a an small wound that needs cleaning, would it be wise to ...
Paul Paulsen's user avatar
  • 4,329
14 votes
4 answers
18k views

Where should a band be tied to stop bleeding from wound?

Suppose a leg is wounded (either from a gunshot or a knife) and there is significant bleeding. We see in movies that a fabric is tied around the place of bleeding to decrease/stop bleeding. My ...
Emi Matro's user avatar
  • 251
12 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is it really that unsafe to touch a stranger's wound?

I am about to participate in a first aid training workshop. Before I do so, I am supposed to pass an online first aid course. While going through the course, I came across this section about applying ...
ArjunShankar's user avatar
18 votes
2 answers
3k views

What are the first aid precautions to be taken in case of a snake bite?

I'll be trekking through a dense monsoon forest which has a sizable population of king cobras and vipers. I'll be at least 5 hours away by walk to the nearest human settlement and another 1-2 hours by ...
Ricketyship's user avatar
  • 7,785
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

What is the recommended wilderness first aid treatment for a scorpion sting?

I'm going to be doing some backpacking in a desert environment state park. In the event that someone in my party is stung by a scorpion, what is the proper first aid? Note that we may be in a remote ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 657
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

What should I do for a dislocated shoulder?

Under the assumption that I'm far enough out that I need to hike out on my own, and that I have someone who can help... what is the best way to immobilize a dislocated shoulder for a long hike out of ...
Russell Steen's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
7k views

Can body-to-body rewarming be used as a last resort treatment of hypothermia?

All of the arguments I've heard against using this method assume that you have adequate supplies for alternate rewarming methods. If you literally didn't, and it appeared they were going to freeze to ...
Chris Carr's user avatar
24 votes
2 answers
30k views

Is it safe to use denatured alcohol as an antiseptic?

A lot of hikers carry denatured alcohol for cooking. Is there any risk to using it as an antiseptic for cuts and lacerations?
Russell Steen's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
4k views

Is there a large difference in WFA (Wilderness First Aid) programs?

I am looking at taking a WFA (Wilderness First Aid) class and there are a couple of outfits in my area offering it. Namely, SOLO, NOLS, and The American Red Cross. I have heard nothing but great ...
MaskedPlant's user avatar
  • 6,232
9 votes
5 answers
214 views

What can I use to label my medicine tubes?

For my first aid kit, all of the medications are repackaged. I use nalgene snaptop vials like these. I have found that even permanent sharpie marker rubs off fairly quickly when hiking. I can ...
Russell Steen's user avatar