Questions tagged [safety]

Questions that discuss about precautions need to be taken for ensuring the safety in various outdoor activities that are in scope of The Great Outdoors should be tagged with this tag.

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9 votes
1 answer
137 views

Do long/high beams on a car work to warn moose off the road?

I heard what sounded like an old wives' tale some time ago: If you are driving along a stretch of road with a moose warning, using headlights on long/high beam even during daylight will warn moose off ...
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  • 435
4 votes
4 answers
354 views

Why be passive while attacked by a brown bear?

Recently I walked through Dolomites in Italy, and there was a warning sign that this is bear-encounter area. There were tips on what to do in general. But one of tips was "if bear approaches you ...
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  • 575
14 votes
4 answers
2k views

Climbing attached to a carabiner rather than tying in

I've just started rock climbing at an indoor climbing gym with a few friends. I noticed on the auto-belay walls, the was a carabiner you clip to your harness (I assume in the belay loop). Is it safe ...
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  • 243
3 votes
3 answers
696 views

Is it worth to use LEP flashlights as a tactical or EDC?

LEP (laser excited phosphor) is the new technology of flashlights to use, with extra brightness. I get some cons to use LEP, like its effect on eyes if the light beam is applied directly to them. I ...
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  • 58
0 votes
1 answer
273 views

How high need a concrete wall to be so bears can't climb it

This question is a bit similar with how high does a fence need to be to prevent European brown bear to climb it? question but not exactly (that one specifies a fence, and needs to provide vision and ...
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  • 111
40 votes
8 answers
9k views

Can a kid ever dive too deep while snorkeling and breath-hold diving?

My son has recently discovered snorkeling and diving (by holding his breath, not scuba diving or anything). He can go at least 4m (13 feet) deep to pick up nice shells he sees on the sea floor. My ...
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  • 621
13 votes
2 answers
3k views

Overtreated a backpacking outfit with permethrin. Safe to wear?

I purchased a spray-bottle of Sawyer 0.5% permethrin to treat some of my clothing in preparation for a backpacking trip. The spray nozzle turns out to have been quite a bit more generous than I ...
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  • 233
40 votes
7 answers
7k views

Had to drink untreated water: Any immediate action to avoid getting sick?

In the wilderness yesterday I ran out of water and did not think I could hike out safely at my level of hydration. Lacking a treatment method, I drank 1.5 liters of water directly out of a small, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
224 views

Is an open tower with a lightning rod safe?

I'm thinking of watching a thunderstorm from within a wooden structure that has installed a lightning rod. Here's how it looks: You can see the grounding wire on the right side. On the Internet, I ...
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  • 33
8 votes
5 answers
435 views

Hiking alone: a website that alarms the police if something happens

I go hiking alone quite often, and I don't have many people other than myself in my entire life to whom I can say "I'm going here alone. Call the police if you can't reach me" Is there an ...
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  • 181
0 votes
1 answer
266 views

How do people who don't have a driver's license yet live remotely solve their food/survival needs? [closed]

I never leave the apartment anymore, because the outdoors have become a frightening dystopia. My childhood quarters have been utterly ruined with tasteless buildings and soulless (and dangerous) ...
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5 votes
1 answer
244 views

How feasible is it to develop a crag that was blasted for material/was a quarry?

There's a local quarry that is no longer in use (for many decades), and has 30-40ft walls. Much of the material on the wall is very crumbly, especially near the blast holes: There's still a large ...
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6 votes
2 answers
495 views

Is it safe to depend only on a prusik?

This weekend I got myself into (for me) a hairy situation while rappelling. I got to a set of rap anchors that I needed to transfer to in order to get down to the next ledge, so I transferred myself ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
71 views

Ice climbing top rope with joined roped [duplicate]

Are there any safety concerns connecting two ropes (40 and 50 m) with 2 double fisherman knots and then installing an anchor with 2 carabiners connecting the anchor to the rope for top-roping? Let's ...
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  • 959
1 vote
2 answers
153 views

357 Magnum vs 38 Special +P single shot weapon

Have a single shot short barrel weapon of unknown caliber. Was told it was handmade for either 38 Special +P or 357 Magnum. How safe is it to shoot 357 Magnum if made for 38 Special+P ? Maybe handload ...
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  • 11
6 votes
3 answers
231 views

Top rope installation on an anchor

Let's suppose we have two bolts which are connected with a chain and a ring for rappelling at the top of a climbing route and we would like to install a top rope setup. I hear on a monthly basis that ...
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  • 959
5 votes
1 answer
224 views

When driving a power driven vessel heading towards the port beam of another vessel underway what is the correct proceedure to pass on the stern?

This mock exam question from the hong kong marine department marksheet says option A is correct, however i think option A would cause a collision. Refering to all of the materials i have, I feel this ...
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4 votes
1 answer
197 views

Liquid chalk spill on climbing gear

So we were climbing today with some friends and an accidental liquid chalk explosion occurred in one of the backpacks. Contents of said backpack include: carabiners, a nylon sling and the nylon ...
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  • 143
5 votes
4 answers
360 views

How can I organise an expedition to the arctic?

As a person who is completely new to the outdoors (e.g. has never been camping), but is fascinated by the arctic and would love to try (at least once) to go on an expedition, what would be advice for ...
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  • 161
4 votes
1 answer
109 views

In a river with light traffic, while swimming its length, how to be better seen by boats?

I try to look forward and flip to my back to look backward every five or so strokes, but my goggles eventually fog up. It's hard to see boats unless I'm constantly stopping to clean out my goggles. ...
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  • 141
3 votes
0 answers
231 views

In a -50°F blizzard, how to generate enough body heat to avoid frostbite?

The Winter is coming soon (in ~3 months) here in North Dakota and I'd like to be better prepared than last winter. I have hit a weird personal threshold [mere 5 degrees] that I cannot seem to ...
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  • 212
5 votes
2 answers
182 views

Would it be possible to walk along the A413/Amersham Road, even though there's no clear footpath?

So I'm planning this circular walk around London using the M25 orbital as a guidance and starting at Heathrow Airport. However, there's an issue towards the start of the walk where there's a footpath ...
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2 votes
2 answers
348 views

Is it safe to transport a 14.6 Feet canoe on top of my 2017 Toyota Corolla

As mentioned above, would it be safe to drive with a 14.6 foot long (90 lbs) canoe on top of my Toyota Corolla? The Canoe is just about as long as the car. I have a roof rack with crossbars, as well ...
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7 votes
1 answer
401 views

Climbing indoors: emergency situations

We should always do the partner check and tie a stopper knot, but... Lead climbing: If you are half-way up a climbing wall and see that your knot, which attaches you to the harness is loose/untied/...
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  • 959
6 votes
2 answers
234 views

Rappelling using the Munter hitch - stopper knot at the end of the rope?

Usually I rappel using a tubular belay device such as an ATC and tie a stopper knot at the end of each strand of the rope such as a fisherman’s knot. Is there a safety knot which you can tie before ...
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  • 959
16 votes
4 answers
4k views

What kind of personal flotation devices should surfers use? Or does the surfboard provide that function?

I read this tragic story today, "Several Surfers Are Found Dead in the Netherlands" which raised some questions about surfing and personal flotation devices (PFDs). Some relevant quotes from the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
217 views

Can a full body harness help reduce the chances of suspension trauma?

Those who are well-versed with rock-climbing (and other variants of climbing) are aware of the dangers posed by Suspension Trauma. Here at The Great Outdoors there had been a healthy discussion on ...
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  • 31.5k
5 votes
2 answers
202 views

Places for a "socially distant" walk

Where might I look for places on which to go for a medium length (3-5 miles) or longer walk -- and where I'd minimize my chances of encountering other people? The Covid-19 pandemic is ongoing, and I'...
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  • 161
0 votes
3 answers
643 views

Munter hitch + prusik for rope solo lead climbing

Disclaimer This is a question regarding a theoretical technique, and not a tutorial, advice or recommendation. This technique has not been tested, and might potentially be completely unsafe. Climbing ...
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1 vote
1 answer
87 views

Indianapolis: Places to run up/downhill or up/downstairs outside?

I am looking for places in the Indianapolis area where I can run on hills or stairs. I love doing this but I don't want to risk spreading any asymptomatic viral infection I may have. Any advice? It ...
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  • 183
3 votes
3 answers
322 views

How do you overcome a preventative fear of dangerous wildlife

I live in Colorado and love hiking alone, it's quiet and peaceful. I want to be more 'free' to hike in early morning or late evening when it's dark or backpack in remote places, but at this point I ...
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4 votes
3 answers
261 views

Where do I find hiking partners to go on glaciers/mountains?

Is there a well-known free webpage in Europe where you can find hiking partners to go on > 4000 m mountains? For bouldering and climbing it is usually not a problem to find "new friends", since I ...
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  • 959
5 votes
1 answer
306 views

Why are full body harnesses uncommon in mountaineering?

In principle, it is known that full body harnesses are useful for situations where the center of gravity is higher - e.g. for children, or for Alpine situations involving carrying heavy loads. A full ...
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  • 1,717
5 votes
3 answers
126 views

Can an energy absorber or elastic lanyard be used in glacier travel to give greater time to react in case of a fall?

In the case of a roped up team marching along a glacier with some hidden crevasses, the greatest risk is of a team member falling in and then dragging everyone else along before they can self-arrest. ...
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  • 1,717
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

Comparison of dangers on the glacier in summer and winter

What are the main risks of a glacier in winter compared to the risks in summer? How can you deal with these additional risks? Which additional materials or thoughts do you need to have? I would like ...
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  • 959
9 votes
1 answer
194 views

Would top-roping in this limestone quarry be reasonable?

So there's this limestone quarry that looks like a beautiful place to rock climb. It's about 40 feet high, and the top is easily accessible and has many trees that look like they'd make fine top-rope ...
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  • 191
6 votes
3 answers
955 views

Which is more dangerous, icy roads or icy roads with snow on top?

Where I live, we are about to get a bunch of snow (5”-8”). This has brought about the question of which is more dangerous an icy road or an icy road with snow? Does the snow help traction on the ice, ...
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  • 743
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Can orange safety vest be used when hiking during hunting season?

I'm going to be doing some winter hiking in parks where there are going to be a lot of hunters. Probably only during bow hunting season for deer in NJ. I'll be getting some blaze hats but for the vest ...
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5 votes
1 answer
185 views

Equipment for driving off road in the Northeast United States

What equipment is necessary for driving on 4x4 trails and rougher forest roads in the Northeast United States? This would include safety equipment, recovery equipment and any other equipment needed. ...
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  • 123
19 votes
7 answers
11k views

How can I protect myself in case of a human attack like the murders of the hikers Jespersen and Ueland in Morocco?

I read about the murders of Louisa Vesterager Jespersen and Maren Ueland. What safety mistakes these girls did during their camping trip? What could have been done to avoid this situation? How can I ...
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  • 327
6 votes
2 answers
832 views

When clipping into quickdraws, is it dangerous to pass a finger through the gate?

When learning to sport climb, I was taught not to pass any of my fingers through the gate of the carabiner when clipping into a quickdraw. Lest any of my fingers get stuck and degloved in the case of ...
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  • 357
15 votes
2 answers
5k views

Do sharpies or markers damage soft rock climbing gear?

I have been writing my initials onto the dogbones (webbing connecting biners) of my quickdraws with a sharpie (permanent marker) so I can tell them apart from everyone else's. Recently, one of my ...
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  • 357
2 votes
0 answers
204 views

How can a team of 2 or 3 safely traverse a narrow, exposed snow ridge?

Assume a team of 2-3 people intend to traverse a very exposed ridge at altitude. What are the main hazards and how can they be mitigated? The type of ridge in question is covered in snow (various ...
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  • 959
3 votes
1 answer
365 views

How to protect yourself from horses?

Me and a group of about twenty of my friends were passing through the ranch of my neighbor. There is a large prairie with his horses. Suddenly, a group of about 10 horses charged us. All of a sudden ...
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42 votes
7 answers
23k views

How do people drown while wearing a life jacket?

Recently, I heard of three tourists from Germany drowning in a lake in Alaska. Their boat overturned and they ended up in the water. All three of them were wearing life jackets. This is what I don't ...
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  • 523
8 votes
2 answers
507 views

What are known failure modes of the auto-braking mechanism of Grigris?

Disclaimer first: The brake-hand principle (always hold the braking strand of the rope) always applies to assisted braking belay devices, including the Grigri. This question is in no way targeted at ...
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  • 21.5k
6 votes
1 answer
256 views

How do I tell if a glacier is safe for crossing?

Sure you have to look out for crevasses which is nicely explained here: How to detect a crevasse on a glacier. But what else does one have to consider when trying to cross a glacier? Some glaciers ...
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5 votes
1 answer
149 views

What equipment do I need for overnight water trail in a kayak?

My wife and I are avid inland, freshwater kayakers - both on calm lakes and up/down rivers and streams. We have only done day trips. We are also moderately experienced backcountry campers. Now we ...
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4 votes
1 answer
85 views

When slack lining between trees, how big should the tree trunk be if the line is 15 meters, person is ~150 pounds?

When slacklining between trees, how big should the tree trunks be? Followup question: I'm writing to ask how big the tree trunks should be exactly if I only have a 15meter line and I'm only walking ...
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2 votes
2 answers
115 views

How to tell whether a particular pair of sunglasses will effectively protect your eyes?

This detailed paper https://www.aoa.org/Documents/CRG/Blue%20Light%20and%20Eye%20Damage.pdf from the American Optometric Association details the various types of short term (i.e. snow blindness) and ...
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