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Questions tagged [safety]

Questions that discuss about precautions need to be taken for ensuring the safety in various outdoor activities that are in scope of The Great Outdoors should be tagged with this tag.

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2 votes
2 answers
115 views

Extending Anchor Chain using Static Rope over Edge

I have a fixed anchor consisting of a ring through a bolt, connected to another bolt with a chain, as show in this image: Since this anchor point is at the top of a rock, I want to extend it over the ...
9 votes
3 answers
2k views

Are nuts and cams less safe if the rock is wet?

In (probably) most of northern Europe, it is somewhat cold and wet outside. Despite this fact, I'm trying to get as much outdoor climbing done as I can. A backup plan for somewhat cold weather (i.e. ...
9 votes
5 answers
3k views

Do reflective warning triangles blow away in wind storms?

I recently drove on a rural road at night during a wind storm. There was a tree down on the road. So I put my hazard lights on to alert other drivers, and I was about to call the municipality, but ...
2 votes
2 answers
139 views

How to do a snowpack test without using a saw

Suppose I am out in the mountains and I want to do a snowpack (in/stability) test before traversing across a slope. I have not, however, carried a saw - to cut a snow column. I have on me regular ...
2 votes
1 answer
71 views

How to measure key characteristics when tree tagging?

I am involved in a tree tagging project. What are the best methods or devices for measuring things like height, tree age, and tree health?
19 votes
7 answers
61k views

Best rope for a rope swing

A few years ago I, er… a friend of mine, put up a rope swing in a nearby park. It's in a large eucalyptus, about 25 metres high, and is much loved by many local kids – and parents. Originaly I just ...
15 votes
4 answers
3k views

Rappelling from tree

My friend and I were on a tough sport climb and couldn't make it to the chains. Thus, we had one quickdraw still on a bolt and we didn't want to leave this behind, (a quickdraw on this same project ...
8 votes
3 answers
954 views

Insurance for expeditions

We plan to cross the Greenland ice sheet next year on skis: duration: roughly 5 weeks no civilization close by Where can we find reputable insurance for such a trip (for Europeans)? We are ...
11 votes
5 answers
2k views

How to assess cold water boating/canoeing safety

I’m planning a vacation in eastern Ontario in mid-May (Bon Echo area). It looks like Pike and Walleye fishing opens around that time. So the people I’ll be vacationing with want to do some fishing by ...
15 votes
2 answers
1k views

How big a fall is a "major" fall?

I answered a question about rope safety with some advice about retiring the rope after a "major" fall. Another user asked me what would constitute a major fall - and I have to admit that I can only ...
4 votes
0 answers
425 views

Can the Edelrid Pinch open accidentally during belay?

The Pinch is a recently released brake-assisted belay device. What differentiates it from other Grigri-style devices, is the ability to directly clip this into the harness. Edelrid is marketing this ...
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Ski setup for skijoring

I was born on skis and switched to snowboarding; I'm now on the return to skiing. However I intend to do both downhill and skijoring in the next season (skiing with my dogs) I am having trouble ...
17 votes
3 answers
3k views

Mortality statistics: Ski touring vs rock climbing

In Switzerland, where I live, the communities of rock climbers and ski tourers are quite overlapping. I often rock climb in sport setups (single or multi-pitch and bouldering) but almost never go ski ...
1 vote
1 answer
303 views

Why is it safe to check in climbing gear onto a flight?

In the manual that comes with my rock climbing rope I bought (black diamond) there's a picture with a death sign when the temperature goes below -62 Celsius. Temperatures outside of planes reach well ...
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

How high need a concrete wall to be so bears can't climb it

This question is a bit similar with how high does a fence need to be to prevent European brown bear to climb it? question but not exactly (that one specifies a fence, and needs to provide vision and ...
1 vote
2 answers
296 views

Is there any evidence that black bears (or other large predators) are indifferent to, or acutally repulsed by, the scent of humans?

I am hoping for more than anecdotal evidence about the negative effects on black bears of the human scent -- ranging from meh to Yecch. This question is prompted by two anecdotes I have to offer: (...
5 votes
2 answers
368 views

Is there any statistical evidence that hunting reduces the likelihood of mountain lion attacks?

There has been some discussion on this question about whether or not hunting would increase or decrease the likelihood of a mountain lion attack. I have seen some websites saying that it does not, but ...
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

Can an overhand loop be used to shorten nylon webbing as a personal anchor?

Is it safe to girth-hitch nylon webbing through my harness tie-in points and then shorten the webbing via an overhand loop (assume it is too long) and clipping the non-bight part to the bolt in the ...
3 votes
2 answers
446 views

Are there vines in nature that are naturally capable of being a whip, rope or string?

Natural meaning, no human alteration to them besides chopping them off from a tree or any type of plant. Ways I'm wondering if natural vines can be used. As a weapon, such as such as the bullwhip. As ...
4 votes
1 answer
802 views

Where can I find the currently closed off area on Strómboli?

On the Aeolian island of Strómboli, my maps and hiking books indicate and describe trails from both Strómboli town and Ginostra to Pizzo o Sopra la Fossa, similar to the indications on this sketch. ...
2 votes
3 answers
236 views

Does cigarette smoke deter lions?

I have not ever encountered or anything like that with a lion but I was watching a video and encountering lions came up, so I was wondering what I would do, so it eventually led to can smoking a ...
1 vote
3 answers
1k views

Munter hitch + prusik for rope solo lead climbing

Disclaimer This is a question regarding a theoretical technique, and not a tutorial, advice or recommendation. This technique has not been tested, and might potentially be completely unsafe. Climbing ...
41 votes
9 answers
10k views

Can a kid ever dive too deep while snorkeling and breath-hold diving?

My son has recently discovered snorkeling and diving (by holding his breath, not scuba diving or anything). He can go at least 4m (13 feet) deep to pick up nice shells he sees on the sea floor. My ...
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

How do you remove leeches from your eyeball?

Leeches have been known to fall and attach on the eyeballs of hapless hikers. Where I'm from, if a leech attaches itself to you, you just spray it with alcohol and it will shrink and fall off. ...
5 votes
3 answers
578 views

Waterproof safety kit for aluminum boat

What kind of safety kit should I have for my 12-ft aluminum boat -- for solo day trips on lakes in Eastern Ontario? I'm especially interested in having a waterproof kit with a waterproof flashlight. ...
32 votes
7 answers
8k views

When will a rattlesnake strike?

There are a few questions about how to avoid rattlers, and what to do if you're bit, but at what point does a rattler actually strike? I had my first rattler encounter ever yesterday, just out in ...
24 votes
6 answers
10k views

Cold water swimming - go in quickly? or slowly?

Assume you want to do some cold water swimming, i.e. anything under 14 Centigrade (57F) water, for more than say 10 minutes (so, expressly, not a Polar Bear "dip and scoot"). What's the ...
11 votes
1 answer
4k views

How long after a storm is it safe to go into the forest?

Authorities warn against going into the woods after heavy summer storms. But they never say how long after a storm woods tend to be unsafe with trees still falling over and branches falling off trees. ...
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

How are canvas tents made to be fire retardant?

While reading through this question about adding a stove jack to a canvas tent originally lacking one, I wondered about the feasibility of making an existing canvas tent fire retardant. Is it simply a ...
6 votes
3 answers
335 views

Will listening to a podcast at moderate volume decrease the likelihood of a bear approaching my tent?

I am on a long trek in the Balkans and am sometimes camping when there is no cheap accommodation available. I am not yet very experienced in camping, and at this stage I am normally camping near ...
1 vote
1 answer
174 views

Why aren't ground penetrating radar drones used for hidden crevasse detection

In a few studies, researchers used ground penetrating radar to detect hidden crevasses in alpine regions. Since the cavity of the crevasse refracts and reflects differently than the surround snow, the ...
1 vote
1 answer
214 views

When did the manufacture date became mandatory written on labels in Europe?

Equipment like ropes, slings, harness, etc. have the manufacture date on their label. I still have some older equipment without any manufacture date written on their label. When did it become ...
1 vote
2 answers
445 views

Do puff adders really not bite you if you step on them?

I had understood the puff adder to be one of the most dangerous snakes in the world; apparently, it kills more than thirty thousand people each year. From which I had concluded that it must be very ...
9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Sensible primary and secondary device combination for toprope soloing

I have been trying to find the "canonical" post on this topic without success - each post has its own take on the issue. And I understand that opinions and preferences abound - but I'm ...
17 votes
4 answers
29k views

Technique for lead solo climbing with rope

In the past I saw climbers climb alone on multi-pitch routes only by themselves (but not free solo). What's a correct technique to do this? I know how to do it with two ropes, rope ascenders and on ...
8 votes
2 answers
725 views

Is rope-soloing inherently dangerous, and if so, why?

I've never tried rope-soloing and don't have a very detailed idea of how it's done. But reading the 2015 edition of Accidents in North American Mountaineering, I was struck by how many accidents ...
24 votes
4 answers
1k views

How should I check climbing equipment to tell whether it is still safe to use?

I have, unfortunately, not had the opportunity to go climbing (and thus use my climbing equipment) for a couple years. I know that such equipment, especially the rope and webbing, can degrade over ...
7 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the most secure way to grab someone you are rescuing?

Does anyone know if the forearm grab/hold (both people holding each other's forearms) provides more grip/strength then the normal wrist to wrist grab (similar to traditional handshake) if you are ...
14 votes
3 answers
9k views

How to keep contact lenses from freezing during backpacking in cold temps?

My fiance and I are planning our first backpacking trip together. I am an experienced backpacker, so I can handle most questions he has and I already have most of the gear that we'll need. However, he ...
21 votes
5 answers
6k views

How can I find the safest place to cross a frozen river from a map?

Where is the better chance the ice on the frozen river in winter will be thicker and safer to cross? I expect the river width oscillates between the following conditions: on a shallow, wider, slower ...
9 votes
5 answers
1k views

When did wearing a helmet become the norm for climbing?

This is going out primarily to those who have been climbing for 20yrs + Back in the day, helmet use was optional and not particularly popular. These days, things seemed to have taken a dramatic change....
6 votes
2 answers
382 views

How to avoid land mines?

Some areas here have old mines from 50 years ago. Dangerous areas are often surrounded by barbed wire and have warning signs. However, because of soil erosion we can't be sure where the dangerous ...
62 votes
7 answers
30k views

Can I safely eat grass?

A recent comment Cows eat grass, doesn't mean you can! got me thinking. Corn, wheat, rice, etc are all grass that we eat regularly. I am not sure the human race could survive on the planet ...
7 votes
1 answer
281 views

How to safely use reverso with ferrata harness?

Ferrata harnesses (FH) can be probably safely used also for climbing, as stated in another post. However, I am not sure how to use the reverso with FH. This is because in a usual FH, the belay ...
4 votes
1 answer
426 views

Will the Trailhead Registry burn in a forest fire?

I posted an answer for a recent question about a forest fire that started after your hike began, that said: Presumably you registered at the trailhead, and you have a friend who knows where you are....
17 votes
4 answers
4k views

How do I tell if this single climbing rope is still safe for use?

I've lent my friend a five year old single climbing rope for a garden project. It was in meticulous condition until then. Instead of a weekend it took him more like six weeks to complete his project ...
13 votes
5 answers
3k views

Belaying two seconds?

I'm planning on doing some Grade III scrambling/low grade multi-pitch climbing this weekend. Normally just me and my girlfriend would do this kind of thing, I'll lead she'd second. But I'm thinking of ...
17 votes
2 answers
16k views

Making a Make-Shift harness from Tape-Slings

I have some common knowledge about knots used for Climbing and Rope-care. There was an incident last week, where I needed a Seat-Harness which I didn't have with me. I needed one for tying up a ...
15 votes
2 answers
5k views

How to confirm/remove ticks in tough spots when alone?

When in tick country, tick checks are critical. Easier with a buddy who can look where the sun doesn't shine, but even alone, diligent inspection (especially with a mirror of some sort) can go a long ...
81 votes
12 answers
39k views

Should I run if I see wild dogs?

Feral dogs appear to be dangerous. Should I be running if I come across one, or should I stand fast and defend myself? They are a social animal, so they will be in a pack almost all the times.

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