A good "how-to" on top rope belaying is given on the [Expedition Backcountry Adventures Blog:][1]

[Ctrl] + C, [Ctrl] + V <br>[![Pirated][2]][2] :


Start Position


1. Pull *('P'bus)*

As the climber moves up the rock, you need to pull in the extra rope (slack) to keep the rope taught. Do this by pulling down on the climber’s side of the rope with your free hand (left hand) while simultaneously pulling out on the brake side of the rope with your brake hand (right hand).


*Pull: Your free hand (left) pulls down while the brake hand pulls out.*

Tip: limit the amount of rope you pull to about one foot. If you pull as far as your arms will reach, you’ll have a  tough time with the next few steps.

2. Brake *(p'B'us)*

After pulling in the slack, bring your brake hand (right hand) down into the brake position.


*Brake: Bring your brake hand down into the brake position*


3. Under *(pb'U's)*

Now that your brake hand (right hand) is in the brake position, have your free hand (left hand) grab the rope underneath your right hand.


*Under: Use your free hand (left hand) to grasp the rope beneath your brake hand.*


4. Slide *(pbu'S')*

Once both hands are firmly grasping the brake side of the rope, slide your brake hand (right hand) up the rope until it is just a couple inches from the ATC. Your brake hand should never come off of the rope, simply loosen it’s grip on the rope so that you can slide it up.


*Slide: Slide your brake hand up towards your belay device.*



A variation I'll often use when there isn't too much drag in the system involves keeping BOTH hands on the rope under the belay device, and never letting go of the rope. 

I start with both hands holding the brake. When I **pull**, I pull  up with both hands to take out the slack, then **brake** with both hands, **slide** the top hand up, then **slide** the bottom hand up, and repeat. 

This works well on belays where the rope isn't dragging on the rock, but as soon as you get some friction in the system you need to let go with that one hand to help pull the rope down. 

  [1]: http://expeditionba.com/blog/how-to-top-rope-belay/
  [2]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/OnCaK.jpg
  [3]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/6ShV7.jpg
  [4]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/N3g2R.jpg
  [5]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/9RG1G.jpg
  [6]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/ONekn.jpg
  [7]: https://i.stack.imgur.com/idUIZ.jpg