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36 votes
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Is it significantly faster to hike along a river bank?

It depends and is hard to generalize about. If river volume is seasonal (think late summer in temperate countries, especially with snow-capped mountains or places with a specific rainy season), you ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
32 votes

Can removing dead wood harm the ecosystem?

I'll answer this from a perspective of what we follow in some of the areca nut and coconut farms that I've grown up in. The areca nut and coconut trees shed their branches often. These are similar to ...
Ricketyship's user avatar
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22 votes
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What is this blob found at the edge of a puddle on a forest logging road?

The pool of water they are in is called a vernal pool. Amphibians and other woodland creatures take advantage of these temporary pools while they last. Not having anything for scale in the picture, ...
B540Glenn's user avatar
  • 1,847
22 votes
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How to deal with hordes of flies in outdoor toilets?

The answer is to limit and/or control ventilation. You want to make sure that there is little to no ventilation of the odours/gazes into the space (tent/hut/...) where humans are using the toilet. ...
fgysin's user avatar
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19 votes

Is it significantly faster to hike along a river bank?

On rare occasions it can be easiest to walk in the river. I had this happen to me on a trek in the Rocky Mountains up near Banff / Lake Louise. The valley next to the river was old-growth forest mixed ...
fgysin's user avatar
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16 votes

How to deal with hordes of flies in outdoor toilets?

Your chief problem seems to be: with tens of flies trying to fly into your nose, mouth, and eyes Why not a mosquito head net? It's safe, re-usable, portable, and non-lethal! Like the old saying goes:...
MonkeyZeus's user avatar
15 votes

How to deal with hordes of flies in outdoor toilets?

If possible, try to make a "dry toilet" use of the facility you've to deal with. Dry toilet means that excrement will not be leaved exposed to the air but have to be covered with some carbon-...
BotaFlo's user avatar
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15 votes
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What animals pose a threat to humans in the Vienna Woods/Wienerwald?

I am Austrian. There are realistically no animal dangers one worries about when going into nature in Austria, but let's analyse a few candidates rationally. The following holds for most of Austria, ...
phipsgabler's user avatar
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15 votes
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Maps showing forest type

OpenStreetMap OpenStreetMap provides information about the type of forest. The information is stored in the tag leaf_type, which has the following values: broadleaved needleleaved mixed leafless ...
nrainer's user avatar
  • 266
14 votes

How long after a storm is it safe to go into the forest?

Personally I'd pass through the forest once the wind has died down significantly. I'd go a little more cautiously on a bike, because I wouldn't want to ride round a bend into a fallen tree. That's ...
Chris H's user avatar
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13 votes

Can removing dead wood harm the ecosystem?

The answer seems to be that it depends, Birds, small mammals, and other wildlife use snags for nests, nurseries, storage areas, foraging, roosting, and perching. Live trees with snag-like features, ...
Charlie Brumbaugh's user avatar
13 votes
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How do tree trunks get chevron patterns in the bark?

Very cool picture! That pattern must be quite old, I guess. I'm quite sure this tree is some kind of pine, judging by the bark, so this seems to be a remainder of resin harvesting, which was a common ...
phipsgabler's user avatar
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12 votes
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Is it practical to tap a tree for syrup on an overnight stop?

Using some numbers from Cornell's Extension program: 10 gallons of sap per tap in a season is reasonable. The length of a season varies- Let's say it's 90 days. The sugar concentration, which ...
jejorda2's user avatar
  • 366
11 votes
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Why are trees marked purple in the state of Texas?

Purple paint is a common means of indicating private property boundaries in a number of US states. Some states use alternate colors such as orange or blue. The paint may be considered the equivalent ...
requiem's user avatar
  • 8,438
10 votes
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Where does uncommon litter come from?

I live an area where a lot of the woods was farms a hundred years ago. 50 years ago it was bushy fields, now it's heavily wooded with increasingly narrow cart paths running through it. A lot of the ...
Karen's user avatar
  • 4,254
9 votes
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How do you tap a tree for sap?

Sugar Maple trees are by far the most popular trees that people tap for sap. So I will use this as my example of how to tap a tree. The following is taken from: Common Sense Homesteading. Identify ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 9,609
9 votes
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What types of wild foods are protected from foraging in the Swedish Lapland forests, and how is the status decided?

Protected species in sweden are listed in English here: Protected Species in Sweden. Since information is subject to change I will not copy the information into this answer. Apart from that, hunting ...
Guran's user avatar
  • 1,992
8 votes

What is this really tall grass-like plant?

The "reeds" (or whatever they are) are very tall. Taller than phragmites... I find this statement a little hard to swallow, considering Phragmites australis subsp. australis can reach heights as ...
ShemSeger's user avatar
  • 53.6k
8 votes

Can removing dead wood harm the ecosystem?

You're building up a huge fire hazard. Normally fires would've cleaned that out, but fire suppression for 40 years has left you with a lot of fuel. Which may make for a really bad fire. Destroying ...
user3082's user avatar
  • 181
8 votes
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Headlamp and flies

Fastening the lamp further down (eg, chest, waist) generally provides better perception of trail features and makes it easier to wear a headnet. If the light source is above your eyes, you won't be ...
topshot's user avatar
  • 2,012
8 votes

How to assess the likelihood of a tree falling in a forest?

A few suggestions for reducing the likelihood of an incident: Sleep in clearings. Avoid the forest during heavy winds. Avoid sleeping under large branches: even when the tree looks healthy. I have ...
DudeOnRock's user avatar
  • 7,491
8 votes

How do you tap a tree for sap?

There are a few ways to tap a tree, before you tap you need to know when the sap is rising from the roots to the branches. I have read about use a knife to make a shallow cut under the bark, then ...
Chris J's user avatar
  • 1,778
8 votes
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PICTURED - What causes this sort of clearing?

That is cause by clearcut timber harvesting. Timber harvesters will remove branches from trees that they fell and leave them on site. They will also sometimes leave specimen trees to help repopulate ...
That Idiot's user avatar
  • 2,924
8 votes
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Why don't rainforests and jungles smell like rotten corpses?

Herbivore faeces doesn't smell as much as human faeces (or dog/cat/other carnivore). The vast majority of mammals, by number or mass, are herbivores. Population densities of large herbivores (overall -...
Chris H's user avatar
  • 26.7k
7 votes

Where does uncommon litter come from?

There are two ways stuff can get into the wilds. People and nature. Nature is simpler so I'll get that out of the way first. Once heavy debris ends up in the woods it's likely to stay there if it ...
Chris H's user avatar
  • 26.7k
7 votes
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Do golden color pine trees associate with the name of Fluffy?

What you have there is almost certainly a variety of Chameacyparis lawsoniana. These trees are characterized by the flattened scale-like leaves in a fairly dense branching cluster. Wate's golden pine ...
bob1's user avatar
  • 10.6k
7 votes

Is there any scientific basis for the special feeling one gets in an old growth forest?

How about subjective expectations? Aka, Self-fulfilling prophecy We know wine price factors into the perception of quality. Rephrased: The participants said they could taste five different wines, ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar

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