Charlie Brumbaugh
  • Member for 5 years, 11 months
  • Last seen more than a month ago
Correct and incorrect slip-slap-slide belay technique
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Here are the steps on the the clip and slide / slip-slap-slide method. First here is how you should hold the rope when you are not pulling in slack. To pull in rope, the left hand pulls the rope ...

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What is this metal plate at the top of Mount Hoffman?
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That is half of an old summit registry box. That one is missing the top and might not be the exact style but the full ones look like this. Source You can see more pictures of them here and a history ...

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How does a European Robin differ from an American Robin?
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American Robin, Source European Robin Source They are from different families of birds, The American robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. It is named after ...

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What tool(s) would be helpful for unhooking fish?
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The best tool I have found for this is a Hemostat. Source They are long and thin, enabling you to reach in and get to fishhooks that are deep inside and can be locked onto the hook. It's also ...

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Can a gun spontaneously fire?
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No, a gun will not spontaneously discharge It's an object that won't do anything without external input. A better term for this is negligent discharge because the human was negligent and messed up and ...

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What does it take to become a wilderness skills guide as a business?
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In my experience, it comes down to 4 things. Wilderness First Responder Certification: The first course is 80 hours and then you need to recertify after 2 years. There are other certifications such ...

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Can anyone identify this small black swimming creature?
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10 votes

That's a mottled sea hare. Image source Aplysia fasciata, common name the "mottled sea hare", or the "sooty sea hare", is an Atlantic species of sea hare or sea slug, a marine opisthobranch ...

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How do I keep my group together?
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The simple solution is to put the slowest person in the front of the group. This does two things. As long as no one passes, the group will naturally stick together. It encourages the slowest person ...

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What is this black and yellow-striped caterpillar with four toothbrush-looking tufts of hair along the top?
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That is a White Marked Tussock Moth. The long, spiky tufts of hairs give fair warning to anyone or anything that tries to touch this species' larva. The caterpillar is covered with them and the ...

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Is it dangerous to go to Mountains when snow is melting?
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There are several things that can be more dangerous in the mountains when the snow is melting, There can be an increased risk of avalanche danger. Snowbridges over crevasses can be melting out. ...

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What does contouring mean in the context of navigation/orienteering?
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Contouring means to follow the contours of the land to your destination, trying to stay at the same elevation as you work your way around the hill. In this example you would walk up the hill, and ...

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How to estimate the volume a person sweats?
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You basically have it, the formula is Your Weight at start - Your Weight at end + Weight of water consumed - Weight of water urinated --------------------------- = Water lost via sweat Then you ...

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Effective breathing techniques for high inclination, tougher hikes
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Paul Petzold, the founder of NOLS (National Outdoor Leadership School) was a big proponent of rhythmic breathing. The idea is that it helps one conserve energy and better utilize the air at higher ...

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What is the best way to figure out the size/volume of an old pack?
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You need to fill the backpack with something and and then measure the volume of that filler. It would probably be easiest to to stuff the backpack full with t-shirts until you can't fit anymore, then ...

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How to painlessly remove gunk left by tape gloves?
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10 votes

After looking around the internet, it seems that oils can be used to remove tape residue. So things like, Olive Oil Coconut Oil would be possibilities for removing the gunk and shouldn't hurt if it ...

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Lowering other members of a party on belay after rappelling
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Here is what I don't like about your plan, the less experienced people will be tying themselves in without you present and the last person won't have a second pair of eyeballs to double check that ...

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How do you correct Google Earth's incorrect slope percentage?
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10 votes

The reason that this happens is that instead of calculating the slope correctly as Rise over Run, Google Earth calculates it as Rise over Hypotenuse. So if you had your standard 3x4x5 right triangle, ...

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Sleeping in a sleeping bag only compared to tent camping
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A tent would protect you from rain and snow, and it would keep you warmer since it will create a warm pocket of air around you. It would also keep the bugs away. However, if rain and/or snow and bugs ...

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Why would people descend to sleep while acclimatizing?
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10 votes

What they are doing is following the maxim "climb high, sleep low". Going too fast will cause altitude sickness. Humans have a lower respiration rate while sleeping, which is why they can be okay at ...

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What can I do to discourage people from littering in the back country?
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10 votes

Make certain that you are part of the solution and not the problem, never leave any of your own garbage behind. As people are less likely to litter a clean area, remove as much of other people's ...

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What to do with chalk when deepwater soloing?
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9 votes

When you fall into the water with a regular chalk bag, it will get too wet to be used. Some solutions to this include, Using liquid chalk, it supposed to stick for longer and you can spread extra on ...

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Risk of getting Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in the United States?
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According to the CDC, the risk is low, and no cases in humans have been reported. The lack of evidence of a link between CWD transmission and unusual cases of CJD, despite several epidemiologic ...

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How to follow bearings while running?
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9 votes

The steps are rather simple for following a bearing without always looking at your compass, Pick a distant recognizable point (stump, rocks, tree) on your bearing. Travel to that point (not ...

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Does “Pay attention to the ounces, and the pounds take care of themselves” make sense when planning backpacking gear?
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It does make sense to watch the weight of your gear and go for lighter gear when possible. A few ounces here and there will add up to pounds. On the other hand, it is also possible to be penny wise ...

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How to make peanut butter less sticky?
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9 votes

The trick is to mix it with something else such as, Powdered Milk Oatmeal Powdered sugar Graham Crackers Rice Crispies You can also add other things to increase the sweetness like, Chocolate Chips ...

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What group of people call themselves "Outdoor Influencers", and what do they do regarding natural areas of land?
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9 votes

Basically it's people with large social media followings who use their influence on those platforms, especially Instagram, to influence people to visit outdoor places, buy outdoor things and support ...

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Reusing disposable water bottles vs. buying dedicated bottles
9 votes

The problem with using the cheap bottles is that if they break, you can be in serious trouble. A quick price check says that 32 oz nalgenes go for around 10 bucks and 2 liter hydration bladders for ...

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What is the defintion of a "unisex tent"?
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This looks like a combination of keyword stuffing and people in the UK apparently wanting unisex products. It might be like labeling things that don't normally contain gluten as gluten-free for the ...

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What is the most severe temperature that a proper snow cave can protect you from?
9 votes

TLDR: -148 °F including windchill has been survived inside of a snowcave. I went looking for cases of people surviving extremely low temperatures while inside a snow caves, and it looks like the ...

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Should I close a cathole (toilet-hole) at night?
9 votes

The solution to this and especially when you have multiple people in a group and so want to limit the number of holes, is to use a single hand width trench instead individual catholes. You start by ...

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