Because of the extremely high "Fear Factor" this subject engenders, I want to carefully examine the threat of contracting rabies from a different but still extremely vital angle: The engendered rabies threat from a fox bite is admittedly over-rated; as it now stands, it can be construed to be more of a "psychological," rather than "physical," danger.
I am approaching this in what is, I sincerely hope, a less inflammatory or sensationalist fashion--- more of a: "Yes, there is a definite risk. However, I have faced this risk, myself, and lived through it; not only once, but three times. So please do not allow your fear to control you."
By far, the most probable animal "carriers" of rabies (as seen from reports of suspicious bites, and animal cadavers which were lab-tested and later proven to have rabies) are small bats.
If you are attacked or bitten by ANY creature (even chipmunks have been found to have rabies) without any evident warning, PROMPTLY NOTIFY PUBLIC HEALTH AUTHORITIES! Do this A.S.A.P! You will have a few weeks' of "grace period;" BUT DO NOT WASTE TIME!
Don't be afraid of the "Pasteur Treatment" that will be used on you to prevent the disease. Many "horror stories" have been irresponsibly tossed around, dwelling on the injections supposedly having to be given in one's side, but during the THREE TIMES I had gone through these injections, they had been administered in my buttocks, or hips!
THREE TIMES? Yes! When younger, I had various jobs that required going "Out Past the Back of Beyond," in wild or "untamed" areas, for very long periods of time. It had been impossible to determine, after-the-fact, that an animal killed while "sampling my taste" had been rabies-infected, hostile, or just hungry.
To be fair, there had been a number of proven rabid-animal attacks in that particular area, prior to our having been sent in; so we knew the danger.
Because of the inherent risks I had always kept a medium- to large-caliber handgun close to hand; as well as a utility knife and a machete, as well. A jaguar had once tried to hitch a ride in my canoe, and was dissuaded only by vigorous applications of a Collins machete.
As I recall, looking back decades "after-the-fact," the number of injections, and their intervals, had been different, country-by-country and jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction; but IT HAD NOT BEEN EXTREMELY PAINFUL, NOR HAD THEY BEEN VERY DEBILITATING.
It had been painful on the day the shot was given, and my hip or "cheek" was sore for a few days. I remember feeling a general malaise; a feeling of "not being comfortable," but it had not been severe. I was still up to riding horses, Vespas, Jeeps and other vehicles; and while I was "off my feed" on the days of the shots, that didn't last. I was actually somewhat glad!
Don't permit the "boogie-man" of the (very far-fetched) risk of a rabid fox attack keep you from enjoying the out-of-doors!
You are FAR, FAR MORE LIKELY to be struck by lightning, step on a venomous snake, or be involved in a bush-plane crash. If you want to worry about an animal-threat, worry about a bear picking you for "not-fast-enough food!"
It is necessary to note I had shot other "possibly rabid" animals before they had the opportunity to get close enough to bite me. In all cases the creatures were behaving very suspiciously--- snapping their jaws at "nothing;" sitting statue-like while panting very hard and fast; growling or snarling "for no reason" and at irregular intervals; plus staring fixedly at people while constantly growling or snarling. All of them had also, I want to stress, looked very ill; they had dirty fur, streaks of fur stuck down by what were evident saliva-streaks, and the like.
As soon as the threat was evident, I had aimed very carefully, and shot the poor creatures in their heads. [And as is Native American custom, I always said a prayer for the soul of the animal.]
WHAT CANNOT BE STRESSED TOO STRONGLY IS TO NOT HANDLE OR EVEN GO NEAR THE BODY OF A POTENTIALLY RABID ANIMAL!
Fleas will start to leave the body ALMOST IMMEDIATELY. If a flea from a rabid animal bites you, in turn; you will get rabies as certainly as if the host-animal had bitten you!